Dec 2, 2019

The Multispecies Coalescent Model Outperforms Concatenation across Diverse Phylogenomic Data Sets

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Xiaodong JiangLiang Liu


A statistical framework of model comparison and model validation is essential to resolving the debates over concatenation and coalescent models in phylogenomic data analysis. A set of statistical tests are here applied and developed to evaluate and compare the adequacy of substitution, concatenation, and multispecies coalescent (MSC) models across 47 phylogenomic data sets collected across tree of life. Tests for substitution models and the concatenation assumption of topologically concordant gene trees suggest that a poor fit of substitution models (44% of loci rejecting the substitution model) and concatenation models (38% of loci rejecting the hypothesis of topologically congruent gene trees) is widespread. Logistic regression shows that the proportions of GC content and informative sites are both negatively correlated with the fit of substitution models across loci. Moreover, a substantial violation of the concatenation assumption of congruent gene trees is consistently observed across 6 major groups (birds, mammals, fish, insects, reptiles, and others, including other invertebrates). In contrast, among those loci adequately described by a given substitution model, the proportion of loci rejecting the MSC model is 11%, sign...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Malignant Neoplasm of Stomach
Trees (plant)
Statistical Test
Chemical Substitution

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