DOI: 10.1101/470989Nov 14, 2018Paper

The Mycobacterium tuberculosis Pup-proteasome system regulates nitrate metabolism through an essential protein quality control system

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Samuel H BeckerK Heran Darwin

Abstract

The human pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) encodes a proteasome that carries out regulated degradation of bacterial proteins. It has been proposed that the proteasome contributes to nitrogen metabolism in M. tuberculosis, although this hypothesis had not been tested. Upon assessing M. tuberculosis growth in several nitrogen sources, we found that a mutant strain lacking the Mycobacterium proteasomal activator Mpa was unable to use nitrate as a sole nitrogen source due to a specific failure in the pathway of nitrate reduction to ammonium. We found that the robust activity by the nitrite reductase complex NirBD depended on expression of the groEL/groES chaperonin genes, which are regulated by the repressor HrcA. We identified HrcA as a likely proteasome substrate, and propose that the degradation of HrcA is required for the full expression of chaperonin genes. Furthermore, our data suggest that degradation of HrcA, along with numerous other proteasome substrates, is enhanced during growth in nitrate to facilitate the de-repression of the chaperonin genes. Importantly, growth in nitrate is the first example of a specific condition that reduces the steady-state levels of numerous proteasome substrates in M. tub...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Ammonium
Enzyme Repression
Genes
Metabolism
Genus Mycobacterium
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Nitrates
Nitrite Reductase
Nitrogen
Repressor Proteins

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.