Jan 1, 1975

The myofilament lattice: studies on isolated fibers. IV. Lattice equilibria in striated muscle

Journal of Mechanochemistry & Cell Motility
E W April

Abstract

Accounts of similarities between the thick filament lattice of striated muscle and smectic liquid-crystalline structures have focused upon an equilibrium between electrostatic (repulsive) and van der Waal's (attractive) forces. In living, intact muscle the fiber volume constitutes an additional important parameter which influences the amount of interaxial separation between the filaments. This is demonstrable by comparison of the lattice behavior of living fibers with that of fibers from which the sarcolemma has either been removed or made leaky by glycerination. These comparisons were made mainly by low-angle X-ray diffraction under conditions of changes in sarcomere length, ionic strength or osmolarity, and pH. Single fibers with the sarcolemma removed and glycerinated muscle have lattices which behave in accord with equilibrium liquid-crystalline systems in which the thick filament spacing is determined by the balance between electrostatic and van der Waal's forces. Conversely, osmotic and shortening studies demonstrate that the living, intact muscle has a lattice which behaves in accord with the so-called non-equilibrium (volume-constrained) liquid-crystalline condition in which the interaxial separation between the thick f...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Sarcomeres
Osmolarity Measurement
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
X-Ray Diffraction
Protein Conformation
Microfilaments
Sternal Cleft
Muscle
Actomyosin Adenosinetriphosphatase
Crystal Structure

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