Jan 1, 1975

The myofilament lattice: studies on isolated fibers. IV. Lattice equilibria in striated muscle

Journal of Mechanochemistry & Cell Motility
E W April


Accounts of similarities between the thick filament lattice of striated muscle and smectic liquid-crystalline structures have focused upon an equilibrium between electrostatic (repulsive) and van der Waal's (attractive) forces. In living, intact muscle the fiber volume constitutes an additional important parameter which influences the amount of interaxial separation between the filaments. This is demonstrable by comparison of the lattice behavior of living fibers with that of fibers from which the sarcolemma has either been removed or made leaky by glycerination. These comparisons were made mainly by low-angle X-ray diffraction under conditions of changes in sarcomere length, ionic strength or osmolarity, and pH. Single fibers with the sarcolemma removed and glycerinated muscle have lattices which behave in accord with equilibrium liquid-crystalline systems in which the thick filament spacing is determined by the balance between electrostatic and van der Waal's forces. Conversely, osmotic and shortening studies demonstrate that the living, intact muscle has a lattice which behaves in accord with the so-called non-equilibrium (volume-constrained) liquid-crystalline condition in which the interaxial separation between the thick f...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Osmolarity Measurement
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
X-Ray Diffraction
Protein Conformation
Sternal Cleft
Actomyosin Adenosinetriphosphatase
Crystal Structure

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.