The Na+-excreting efficacy of indapamide in combination with furosemide in massive edema

Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Misa TanakaTakahiko Ono

Abstract

Massive systemic edema is often observed in patients with severe nephrotic syndrome, including diabetic nephropathy. Although furosemide, a loop diuretic, is often administered to these patients, some patients do not respond to this treatment, still showing massive edema. The efficacy of indapamide which has a thiazide-like effect on distal convoluted tubules in combination with furosemide, was evaluated in eight patients with massive edema, in regard to both Na+ excretion and diuresis. Indapamide 2 mg was administered once a day, in the morning, to patients in whom it was considered that furosemide treatment of 40-120 mg a day for 1 week was ineffective. Urinary Na+ excretion was markedly increased, from 83.7 +/- 82.2 mEq/day to 140.7 +/- 33.8 mEq/day after 1 week of the combination therapy compared with furosemide alone (P < 0.01); urine volume was also increased, from 1070 +/- 230 ml to 1359 +/- 296 ml after 1 week of the combination therapy (P < 0.05). In this context, body weight was significantly decreased, from 57.2 +/- 12.3 kg to 53.4 +/- 12.8 kg, after the combination therapy (P = 0.01). Indapamide in combination with furosemide was well tolerated, and no significant changes in serum levels of creatinine and potassium ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.