PMID: 4089179Jan 1, 1985Paper

The neuropathology of amnesia

Progress in Neurobiology
H J Markowitsch, M Pritzel

Abstract

Relations between brain damage and memory disturbance are outlined with emphasis on the so-called amnesic syndrome. Following a brief introduction into forms of memory and memory failures, the basic causes of brain damaage (with relevance to amnestic failures) are described. Thereafter, the two best-known forms of brain damage-amnesia relations are reviewed: the consequences of damage to medial temporal lobe structures and to diencephalic regions. For the cases with medial temporal lobe damage, evidence is reported in greater detail for H.M., who has been examined more than any other amnesic patient for more than 30 years now, as a considerable amount of literature has accumulated on his behavior in diverse situations. Other cases with more or less circumscribed damage to medial temporal lobe structures are reviewed so as to outline criteria for or against the hypothesis that there are regions within the medial temporal lobe whose damage might be critical for the amnesic syndrome. Two cases of diencephalic amnesia are summarized in particular (cases of Mair et al., 1979) as they have received extensive neuropsychological and neuropathological investigation. Other cases with, for example, Korsakoff's disease are reviewed, as wel...Continue Reading

References

May 7, 1977·Lancet·P Sourander, J Wälinder
Dec 1, 1977·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·R RauschP H Crandall
Apr 1, 1978·The Anatomical Record·E W Powell
Sep 30, 1978·Lancet·A M Hakim, G Mathieson
Nov 1, 1978·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·E HalgrenP H Crandall
Dec 1, 1979·Annals of Neurology·L R Squire, R Y Moore
Jun 1, 1976·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·N ButtersD Sax
Mar 1, 1979·Neurology·T L PerryP M MacLeod
Mar 1, 1975·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·W B MarloweJ J Thomas
Nov 1, 1979·Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology·M J Ball
Feb 1, 1978·The American Journal of Nursing·W D Winters
Sep 30, 1977·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·G A Ojemann
Aug 1, 1977·Journal of the Neurological Sciences·D StavrouH Rodt
Oct 1, 1978·Southern Medical Journal·D F Benson
Nov 14, 1978·Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten·A Brun, L Gustafson
Sep 1, 1979·Psychological Bulletin·D J Lewis
Jan 1, 1979·Progress in Neurobiology·J O'Keefe
Nov 1, 1977·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology·D Gaffan
Jan 1, 1979·Archives of Neurology·O MuramotoY Toyokura
Mar 1, 1979·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·C Harper
Mar 1, 1979·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·I Jensen, J K Larsen
Jan 1, 1979·Neuropsychologia·L Weiskrantz, E K Warrington
Jun 1, 1979·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·R Cohen, S Kelter
Jan 1, 1979·Neuropsychologia·D S Olton, B C Papas
Sep 1, 1979·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·D M Bear
Sep 1, 1979·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·F A Huppert, M Piercy
Mar 1, 1977·Neurology·T M WalsheC M Fisher
May 1, 1977·Neurology·K M Heilman, G W Sypert
Sep 1, 1977·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·J L MedinaF A Rubino
Jan 1, 1978·Annals of Internal Medicine·L A Pallor
Feb 1, 1978·Experimental Neurology·D S OltonP J Best
Mar 1, 1978·The American Journal of Psychiatry·F M Burkle, Z J Lipowski
Feb 1, 1978·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·D Shraberg, L Weisberg
Mar 1, 1978·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·E HalgrenP H Crandall
Apr 14, 1978·Experimental Brain Research·J O'Keefe, D H Conway
Jun 1, 1978·Food and Cosmetics Toxicology·P Cooper
Sep 28, 1978·Nature·F A Huppert, M Piercy
Jan 1, 1978·Neuropsychologia·R Andersen
Jul 1, 1978·Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology·E K PerryB E Tomlinson
Jan 1, 1978·Neuropsychologia·L R Squire, P C Slater
Sep 1, 1978·Brain and Language·S MattisE Goldmeier
Jun 1, 1976·Die Naturwissenschaften·K J Zülch
Aug 1, 1975·Archives of Neurology·R M Woolsey, J S Nelson
Oct 1, 1975·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes·M Mishkin, J Delacour
Jun 1, 1977·Scientific American·D S Olton
Jan 1, 1977·The International Journal of Neuroscience·G GlosserE Kaplan
Jan 1, 1977·Neuropsychologia·F A Huppert, M Piercy
Oct 1, 1977·Brain and Language·T Shallice, E K Warrington
Jan 1, 1976·Neuropsychologia·P A Fuld
Jan 1, 1976·Neuropsychologia·G GlosserI Samuels
Jan 1, 1976·Neuropsychologia·F P BowenM D Yahr
Dec 1, 1975·Archives of General Psychiatry·L R Squire, P M Chace
Jan 1, 1976·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·M M MesulamT D Sabin
Jan 1, 1976·Neuropsychologia·D N Brooks, A D Baddeley
Feb 1, 1985·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·M B Patterson, J L Mack
Jan 1, 1985·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·M K JohnsonG Risse
Apr 1, 1985·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·N Butters
Apr 1, 1985·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·P GrafL R Squire
Sep 1, 1987·Indian Journal of Pediatrics·A ChettyD Ray
Jun 1, 1986·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·W JetterH J Markowitsch
Aug 1, 1986·The International Journal of Neuroscience·J KesslerG Sigg
Mar 1, 1985·British Journal of Addiction·J Price, R Kerr
Mar 1, 1985·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·M Sarter, H J Markowitsch
Aug 1, 1985·The International Journal of Neuroscience·H J Markowitsch
Jan 1, 1985·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·B A Simpson, M Swash
Mar 29, 1985·Science·W J FreedR J Wyatt
Mar 1, 1985·Archives of Neurology·A R DamasioS Cornell
Mar 1, 1985·Archives of Neurology·A R DamasioN Kassell
Jan 1, 1985·Experimental Brain Research·J BachevalierM Mishkin
Mar 1, 1985·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·C Harper, J Kril
May 3, 1985·Science·E A Murray, M Mishkin
Mar 1, 1985·Annals of Neurology·H AikawaR Iizuka
Apr 1, 1985·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·A R Damasio, G W Van Hoesen
Jun 1, 1985·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·H S LevinH M Eisenberg
Aug 1, 1985·Neurology·P B PritchardJ Giacinto
Jan 1, 1985·Brain and Cognition·B A OberD C Delis
Feb 1, 1985·Behavioral Neuroscience·S M Zola-Morgan, L R Squire
Apr 25, 1970·Lancet·P R Yarnell, S Lynch
May 1, 1974·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·J C Meadows
Jun 1, 1974·Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology·D Gaffan
Jan 1, 1970·Neuropsychologia·A Starr, L Phillips
Sep 1, 1974·Behavioral Biology·L R Squire
Jun 1, 1974·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·D Zaidel, R W Sperry
Jun 1, 1974·Neurology·B Seltzer, D F Benson
Mar 1, 1974·Epilepsia·M E ScheibelA B Scheibel
Jan 1, 1972·Confinia Neurologica·K SugitaT Doi
Jan 1, 1972·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·E De RenziH Spinnler
Nov 1, 1972·Neurology·E F Steinmetz, F Q Vroom
Jun 1, 1973·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·G G Gascon, F Gilles
Feb 1, 1973·Neurology·P R Yarnell, S Lynch
Nov 1, 1973·Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine·G I HendersonS Schenker
Dec 8, 1973·British Medical Journal·P B CroftM Swash
Jun 1, 1974·Journal of the Neurological Sciences·U DeGirolamiE P Richardson
Jan 1, 1967·Confinia Neurologica·R Hassler, G Dieckmann
Dec 1, 1966·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·C Symonds
Jan 1, 1970·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·E G Jones, T P Powell
Jan 1, 1970·Confinia Neurologica·M PobleteY Doyharcabal
Aug 13, 1971·Science·J M Fuster, G E Alexander
Nov 1, 1972·Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology·P M LewinsohnG Nielson
Jan 1, 1971·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·H I Sanders, E K Warrington
Jun 1, 1967·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·M A Neumann, R Cohn
Jan 1, 1969·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·E K Warrington, T Shallice
Jul 1, 1970·The Journal of General Psychology·L K Hammond
Apr 1, 1970·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·V H MARKF R ERVIN
Dec 1, 1967·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·D F Benson, N Geschwind
Aug 1, 1966·Archives of Neurology·N Geschwind, M Fusillo
Jan 1, 1966·Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica·G Lindqvist, G Norlén
Apr 1, 1967·Journal of Neurosurgery·A Gol, G M Faibish
Aug 1, 1967·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·C B Blakemore, M A FALCONER
Jan 1, 1967·Acta Psychologica·G Sperling
Sep 1, 1967·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·G A TallandH T Ballantine
May 1, 1967·Neurology·M M Hoehn, M D Yahr
Nov 1, 1984·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·P E KlapperM Longson
Jan 1, 1981·Progress in Neurobiology·J L MartinezJ L McGaugh
Jun 25, 1982·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·E De Renzi
Jun 25, 1982·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·M Mishkin
Jun 25, 1982·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·L Weiskrantz
Jul 1, 1983·Behavioral and Neural Biology·P E Gold, S F Zornetzer
Jan 1, 1982·Scandinavian Journal of Psychology·F H GageU Stenevi
Jan 1, 1980·Brain Research Bulletin·M Pritzel, H J Markowitsch
Jan 1, 1982·Journal of Neurology·J G Meyer-Wahl, J Braun
Jan 1, 1983·Annual Review of Psychology·P A Kolers
Jan 1, 1983·Journal of Neurology·G GoldenbergJ Maly
Mar 1, 1983·European Journal of Pediatrics·S Levin
Nov 1, 1983·Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology·H BraakH H Goebel
Jan 1, 1983·Neuropsychologia·M H SharpeD S Sax
Sep 1, 1984·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·E K Warrington, T Shallice
Nov 1, 1982·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·L R Squire
Sep 1, 1983·Annals of Neurology·R MayeuxF Benson
Nov 1, 1984·Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology·J BrandtM F Folstein
Jan 1, 1980·Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten·K IkedaG Bode
May 1, 1983·Neurology·G F McCormick, D A Levine
Jul 1, 1983·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·D A Smith, P L Lantos
Jan 1, 1984·Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology·J C HedreenD L Price
Dec 1, 1984·Annals of Neurology·N L FosterG Di Chiro
Dec 1, 1983·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·H S LevinD A Hulkonen
Jun 1, 1984·Surgical Neurology·S WakaiM Nagai
Jan 1, 1984·Neuropsychologia·D N Pandya, E H Yeterian
Apr 1, 1983·Annals of Neurology·E D Witt, P S Goldman-Rakic
Jan 1, 1983·Experimental Brain Research·J P Aggleton, M Mishkin
Sep 1, 1983·Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology·G A Grigor'yan
Mar 1, 1984·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·H J Markowitsch
May 1, 1984·Brain Research Bulletin·E Irle, H J Markowitsch
Oct 1, 1984·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·E IrleH J Markowitsch
Aug 1, 1981·Archives of Neurology·M S AlbertJ Brandt
Aug 1, 1984·Journal of Abnormal Psychology·R D NebesL C Horn
Oct 1, 1984·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·J M LoboskyA R Damasio
Nov 1, 1984·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·K A FlowersJ M Pearce
Jan 1, 1984·Neuropsychologia·W Hirst, B T Volpe
Nov 1, 1984·Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie·F Aichner
Dec 1, 1984·Psychosomatics·D F Benson
Dec 1, 1984·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·A J Parkin
Dec 1, 1984·The International Journal of Neuroscience·H J MarkowitschR Riess
Apr 1, 1984·Neurology·K RedingtonM S Gazzaniga
May 1, 1984·Neurology·J L CummingsD F Benson
Jun 1, 1984·Neurology·M P Alexander, M Freedman
Sep 1, 1984·Neurology·D A KatzP Davies
Aug 1, 1984·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. B, Comparative and Physiological Psychology·D GaffanM J Owen
Aug 1, 1984·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. B, Comparative and Physiological Psychology·D Gaffan, S Harrison
Nov 1, 1984·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. B, Comparative and Physiological Psychology·D GaffanS Harrison
Nov 1, 1984·The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. B, Comparative and Physiological Psychology·D GaffanS Harrison
Jan 1, 1984·Acta Neuropathologica·J R Scott, H Fraser
Apr 1, 1983·Journal of Neurosurgical Nursing·B J Boss
Jan 1, 1984·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·J H Daruna, R Karrer
Oct 1, 1983·Archives of Neurology·D ChoiP Burke
Sep 1, 1983·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·R GreenwoodJ Roberts
Sep 1, 1983·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·W W Dinsmore, M E Callender
Jan 1, 1983·Neuropsychologia·B EskenaziK B Friend
Aug 1, 1983·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·E FriedmanJ Kuster
Sep 1, 1983·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·H F CrovitzW F Daniel
Dec 1, 1983·Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology·R S WilsonA W Kaszniak
Jan 1, 1983·Neuropsychologia·S M Zola-MorganL R Squire
Dec 1, 1983·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·N R Varney, K Digre
May 1, 1983·Neurology·A Guberman, D Stuss
Sep 1, 1983·Neurology·R LillyM Frankel
Dec 1, 1983·Neurology·A R Damasio, H Damasio
Mar 1, 1984·Annals of Internal Medicine·E B LarsonD R English
Apr 1, 1984·Archives of Neurology·J R McDowell, H J LeBlanc
Feb 1, 1984·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·D M MannB Marcyniuk
Jan 1, 1984·Annals of Neurology·R A NovellyS S Spencer
Apr 1, 1984·Behavioral Neuroscience·J A Walker, D S Olton
Apr 1, 1984·Behavioral Neuroscience·J A HorelK G Salsbury
Jun 1, 1984·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·J B Davidoff, A L Ostergaard
Jan 1, 1984·Neuropsychologia·G WinocurC Davis
Jan 1, 1984·Neuropsychologia·L R SquireJ A Zouzounis
Jul 1, 1984·Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology·C A Curcio, T L Kemper
Apr 1, 1984·Annals of Neurology·D F Benson
Jan 1, 1982·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·H J Markowitsch
Dec 1, 1982·Acta Neurologica Scandinavica·A Mouritze Dam
Apr 28, 1980·Brain Research·R K Nakamura, M Mishkin
Jan 1, 1982·Neuroscience·E Irle, H J Markowitsch
Jan 1, 1983·Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology·J H GarciaK A Conger
Feb 1, 1983·Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology·L Costa
Mar 1, 1983·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·C W WalleschR J Brunner
Jan 1, 1983·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·H J Markowitsch
Apr 1, 1983·Archives of General Psychiatry·J BrandtR Bayog
Mar 1, 1983·Annals of Neurology·P J WhitehouseD L Price
Jun 1, 1983·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·H EichenbaumS Corkin
Jul 1, 1983·Archives of Neurology·B T Volpe, W Hirst
Jul 22, 1983·Science·H WeingartnerP R Martin
May 1, 1983·Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology·G K WilcockC C Smith
Jan 1, 1983·Neuropsychologia·J P Aggleton, M Mishkin
Aug 1, 1983·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·B T Volpe, W Hirst
Dec 24, 1982·Science·S M Zola-MorganM Mishkin
Jan 1, 1982·Brain and Cognition·F J PirozzoloM A Kuskowski
Jul 1, 1980·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·C Ryan, N Butters
Jan 1, 1981·Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten·A HoriR Iizuka
May 1, 1982·Psychological Bulletin·W Hirst
Jan 1, 1982·Neuropsychologia·A C Carr
Jun 1, 1982·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·M N RossorL L Iversen
Mar 1, 1982·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·B T WoodsL Kneisley
Jul 1, 1982·American Journal of Ophthalmology·M C Kay, H S Levin
May 13, 1982·Brain Research·A Ruiz-MarcosG Morreale de Escobar
Jan 1, 1982·Neuropsychologia·E K Warrington, L Weiskrantz
Oct 8, 1982·Science·R P Kesner, J M Novak
Jan 1, 1982·Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten·P NichelliG Cappelli
Sep 1, 1982·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·N P SpanosD L Dubreuil
Aug 1, 1982·Postgraduate Medical Journal·E A Rodrigues, A A Lawson
Jan 1, 1982·Neuropsychologia·D L SchacterM Freedman
Oct 1, 1982·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·E AndrewsM Kessler
Oct 1, 1982·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·E GoldbergS P Antin
Dec 1, 1982·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·B Wilson
Nov 1, 1982·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·G LandiM Guidotti
Nov 1, 1982·Journal of the Neurological Sciences·G K Wilcock, M M Esiri
Apr 1, 1982·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·R D StatonH Wilson
Oct 1, 1980·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·G Roman-CamposF B Wood
Mar 1, 1981·Journal of the Neurological Sciences·B E TomlinsonG Blessed
Jun 1, 1981·The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease·P I KaushallL R Squire
Apr 1, 1981·Journal of the Neurological Sciences·B M Hubbard, J M Anderson
Jan 1, 1981·Neuropsychologia·D C Rubin, N Butters
Jan 1, 1981·Brain, Behavior and Evolution·W G Webster
May 1, 1981·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·Robert L Ruff, B T Volpe
Jan 1, 1981·Neuropsychologia·N J Cohen, L R Squire
Jul 1, 1981·Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology·R Gianutsos
Aug 1, 1981·Journal of the Neurological Sciences·D LaplaneF Gray
Nov 1, 1980·Journal of Studies on Alcohol·M S AlbertJ Brandt
Aug 1, 1981·Annals of Neurology·P CastaigneO Lyon-Caen
Nov 1, 1981·Brain Research Bulletin·H M DuvernoyJ L Vannson
Jan 1, 1981·Neuropsychologia·M L Smith, B MILNER
Dec 1, 1981·Journal of Medical Genetics·D N AbueloD B Singer
Mar 1, 1980·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·J L Ponsford, G A Donnan
Jan 1, 1980·Neuropsychologia·P R MeudellD Neary
Jan 1, 1980·Neuropsychologia·G G BrownD Rourke
Jun 1, 1980·Archives of Neurology·J L De ReuckH M Vander Eecken
Oct 1, 1980·Archives of Neurology·A G Herzog, T L Kemper
Nov 22, 1980·British Medical Journal·J J Dinn
Jan 1, 1980·Neuropsychologia·S M Zola-Morgan, R G Oberg
Nov 1, 1980·Psychological Bulletin·R G Knight, I M Wooles
Jan 1, 1981·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Learning and Memory·G WinocurM Moscovitch
Mar 1, 1981·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·R C KimY B Chu
Aug 7, 1998·European Neurology·K Schmidtke, L Ehmsen
Aug 11, 1998·Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie·J Müller, K Wanke
Aug 26, 1998·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·E Amenedo, F Díaz
Jan 1, 1953·A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry·E A SPIEGEL, H T WYCIS
Jun 1, 1954·A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry·K L CHOW
May 1, 1954·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·M WILLIAMS, J PENNYBACKER
Aug 1, 1956·The American Journal of Psychiatry·E A SPIEGELH FREED
Dec 1, 1956·A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry·N MALAMUD, S A SKILLICORN
Feb 16, 1957·British Medical Journal·M CRITCHLEY
Feb 16, 1957·British Medical Journal·J L BLONSTEIN, E CLARKE
Feb 1, 1957·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·W B SCOVILLE, B MILNER
Oct 1, 1957·Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology·S SCHULMAN
Dec 1, 1957·A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry·A E WALKER
May 1, 1958·A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry·W PENFIELD, B MILNER
Mar 1, 1958·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·W McKISSOCK, K W PAINE
Sep 1, 1958·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·W J NAUTA
Sep 1, 1958·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·J B CAVANAGH
Dec 1, 1960·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·C W WHITTY, W LEWIN
Oct 1, 1959·Archives of Neurology·L F CHAPMAN, H G WOLFF
Aug 1, 1962·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·E A SERAFETINIDES, M A FALCONER
Aug 1, 1962·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·E S WATKINS, D R OPPENHEIMER
Apr 1, 1964·Archives of Neurology·D A DRACHMAN, A K OMMAYA
Feb 1, 1965·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·W B MATTHEWS
Aug 7, 1965·British Medical Journal·T M BANHAM
May 27, 1955·Science·E A SPIEGELH FREED
Dec 1, 1959·Annals of Human Genetics·V W SCHENK
Apr 1, 1962·Journal of Neurosurgery·E SACHSR G FISHER
Aug 1, 1950·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·P W NATHAN, M C SMITH
Sep 1, 1950·Current Researches in Anesthesia & Analgesia·R L PATTERSON
Jan 1, 1951·Transactions of the American Neurological Association·B E SPROFKIN, D SCIARRA
Apr 1, 1952·Monatsschrift für Psychiatrie und Neurologie·P GLEES, H B GRIFFITH
Oct 6, 2005·European Neurology·O IizukaE Mori
Sep 4, 2007·Pediatric Neurology·Banan MusallamDiana Averbuch
Jan 1, 1948·Transactions of the American Neurological Association·E A SPIEGEL, H T WYCIS
Apr 1, 1949·Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry·L BERLIN
Jun 25, 1949·British Medical Journal·G JEFFERSON
Mar 20, 2008·Anesthesia and Analgesia·Lucinda A GrandeAli Samii
Feb 26, 2010·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·Guido Gainotti
Dec 1, 1946·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·W R RUSSELL, P W NATHAN
Aug 11, 1934·British Medical Journal·W G Wyllie
Jan 1, 1936·The Journal of Neurology and Psychopathology·L Minski
Jan 1, 1975·Memory & Cognition·G E Stelmach, J A Scott Kelso

Citations

Jun 6, 2008·Der Nervenarzt·U NaumannM Brüne
Dec 1, 1994·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·W KlimeschJ Schwaiger
Nov 1, 1991·Behavioral and Neural Biology·M M'HarziJ Delacour
Nov 1, 1995·Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice·L M ZaslavskyR Machado
Mar 1, 1989·Behavioral and Neural Biology·I Izquierdo
Apr 21, 1999·Brain Research. Brain Research Reviews·W Klimesch
Nov 1, 1996·International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology·W Klimesch
Oct 17, 1998·Progress in Neurobiology·F Fadda, Z L Rossetti
May 1, 1991·Psychological Medicine·A Mayes
Aug 1, 1987·Psychological Medicine·W W BeattyN Butters
Nov 2, 2011·Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS·Jagan A PillaiJoe Verghese
Sep 30, 1998·The European Journal of Neuroscience·W A KaufmannJ Marksteiner
Sep 1, 1993·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·H J MarkowitschU Schuri
Feb 21, 2008·Memory·Brian G SkotkoLarry A Tupler
Mar 1, 1997·European Journal of Neurology : the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies·H J MarkowitschW D Heiss
Oct 1, 1991·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·L M StenhouseS N Bishara
Nov 5, 2002·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·Alan S Brown
Jun 1, 1996·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·L NybergE Tulving
Jan 26, 2013·Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology·Kuljeet Singh Anand, Vikas Dhikav
Jan 1, 1994·Human Brain Mapping·V I NenovM E Smith
Feb 24, 2004·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Robert E HampsonSam A Deadwyler
Nov 1, 1993·Neuropsychologia·D Y von CramonU Schuri
Dec 1, 1990·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·H J MarkowitschP Kinzler
Sep 17, 2013·Developmental Science·Margaret A SheridanCharles A Nelson
Dec 1, 1988·Brain Research·H J Markowitsch
Nov 1, 1993·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·H J MarkowitschW Gehlen
Nov 16, 2014·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Enrico MuccinoRiccardo Zoja
Jun 1, 1989·The International Journal of Neuroscience·J H DarunaJ B Green

Related Concepts

Alcohol Amnestic Disorder
Familial Alzheimer Disease (FAD)
Amnestic State
Retrograde Memory Loss
Brain
Brain Pathology
Brain Tumor, Recurrent
Cerebrovascular Occlusion
Structure of Diencephalon
Epilepsy, Lateral Temporal

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.