May 12, 2010

The next generation of molecular markers from massively parallel sequencing of pooled DNA samples

Genetics
Andreas Futschik, Christian Schlötterer

Abstract

Next generation sequencing (NGS) is about to revolutionize genetic analysis. Currently NGS techniques are mainly used to sequence individual genomes. Due to the high sequence coverage required, the costs for population-scale analyses are still too high to allow an extension to nonmodel organisms. Here, we show that NGS of pools of individuals is often more effective in SNP discovery and provides more accurate allele frequency estimates, even when taking sequencing errors into account. We modify the population genetic estimators Tajima's π and Watterson's to obtain unbiased estimates from NGS pooling data. Given the same sequencing effort, the resulting estimators often show a better performance than those obtained from individual sequencing. Although our analysis also shows that NGS of pools of individuals will not be preferable under all circumstances, it provides a cost-effective approach to estimate allele frequencies on a genome-wide scale.

Mentioned in this Paper

Genome
Genetic Analysis
Genetic Screening Method
Genetic Markers
Genomics
Sequencing
Massively-Parallel Sequencing
Sequence Determinations, DNA
Genetic Equilibrium
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing

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