The nicotinic receptor blocker hexamethonium alters neuronal responses to glutamate in the medial septal area of the brain of the ground squirrel in vitro

Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology
E N KaravaevV F Kichigina


Despite extensive interest in studies of the medial septal area, the nature of the interactions of its various neurochemical systems remains largely unclear. The aim of the present work was to clarify the role of nicotinic receptors in mediating the interaction of the glutamatergic and cholinergic systems in this structure. Extracellular recording of neuron activity in living slices of ground squirrel brain was used to study the influences of L-glutamate (1 microM) during application of the nicotinic receptor blocker hexamethonium (1 mM). The responses of septal neurons to glutamate depended on the type of their initial activity and the presence of pacemaker properties. This study is the first to show that glutamate increases the frequency of volleys in rhythmic neurons in the septum. Hexamethonium induced changes in neuron activity similar to the influences of glutamate. After prior application of hexamethonium, the responses of neurons to glutamate changed: activatory responses were masked and inhibitory responses were enhanced. Cholinergic modulation of the responses of septal neurons to glutamate were shown to occur, as did modulation of the strength of the oscillatory properties of the septal network by nicotinic receptors.


Jan 1, 1992·The Journal of Physiology·R SchneggenburgerA Konnerth
Mar 7, 2001·Biological Psychiatry·A H Rezvani, E D Levin
Sep 6, 2003·The European Journal of Neuroscience·Min WuMeenakshi Alreja
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Mar 26, 2013·Acta Pharmacologica Sinica·Cheng-biao LuZ Henderson

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