The non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic response counteracts changes in guinea-pig airway tone with and without sympathetic activation

British Journal of Pharmacology
A LindénC G Löfdahl

Abstract

1. We examined whether the non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) neural response can counteract changes in smooth-muscle tone with and without simultaneous sympathetic activation in guinea-pig airways. 2. Isolated airway preparations were pretreated with indomethacin (10 microM) and incubated with either atropine (1 microM) and guanethidine (10 microM) or atropine (1 microM) alone. The response to electrical field stimulation (EFS: 1200 mA, 0.5 ms, 3 Hz for 240 s) was studied at various levels of tone prior to EFS: first without induced tone, then at a moderate tone induced by histamine (0.3 microM) and finally at a high tone induced by histamine (6 microM). 3. The response to EFS was a contraction when the tone prior to EFS was low and a relaxation when the tone prior to EFS was high. These responses converged towards a similar level of tone, in the distal trachea and in the main bronchus, with and without guanethidine. 4. The mean (s.e. mean) level of tone towards which the responses to EFS converged was lower after incubation with atropine alone compared with incubation with atropine and guanethidine, both in the distal trachea [8 (1)% compared with 30 (6)% of maximum tone] and in the main bronchus [28 (4)% compared with 57...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Metazoa
Lobar Bronchus Structure
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Muscle Tonus
Smooth Muscle
Alpha-adrenergic receptor
Beta-adrenergic receptor

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