Double-targeted knockdown of miR-21 and CXCR4 inhibits malignant glioma progression by suppression of the PI3K/AKT and Raf/MEK/ERK pathways

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
F. Liu, Bo Yang

Abstract

Background: Currently, miR-21 and CXCR4 are being extensively investigated as two unrelated key regulators in glioma malignancy. In this study, we investigated the combined effect of these two factors on glioma progression. Methods: We confirmed the expression of miR-21 and CXCR4 in malignant glioma tissue and glioma cells with qRT-PCR and western blotting. Single-targeted knockdown of miR-21 and CXCR4, as well as double-targeted knockdown of miR-21 and CXCR4 lentiviral vectors were constructed and they were transfected to U87 and U251 cells. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration from different treatment groups were assessed by MTT assay, Flow Cytometry analysis, Transwell analysis, and Scratch assay, respectively. U87 xenograft mice were constructed to detect roles and potential mechanisms of miR-21 and CXCR4 in malignant glioma tumor growth. Results: The expression of miR-21 and CXCR4 was increased in tumor tissues and cell lines. Inhibition of miR-21, CXCR4, and miR-21 and CXCR4 together all reduced the migration, invasiveness, proliferation and enhanced apoptosis in glioma cells, as well as reduced tumor volume and mass in xenograft model. The inhibition effect was strongest in double-targeted knockdown of ...Continue Reading

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