PMID: 10466163Aug 31, 1999Paper

The nutritional value of plant-based diets in relation to human amino acid and protein requirements

The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
D Joe Millward


The adequacy of plant-based diets in developed and developing countries as sources of protein and amino acids for human subjects of all ages is examined. Protein quantity is shown not to be an issue. Digestibility is identified as a problem for some cereals (millet (Panicum miliaceum) and sorghum (Sorghum sp.)) and generally is poorly understood. Direct measurements of biological value in children are reviewed and scoring is considered. Various existing requirement values for amino acids and especially lysine are reviewed, and it is concluded that stable-isotope studies do not yet provide adequate alternative values of N balance data, which for lysine are robust after recalculation and adjustment. A new maintenance requirement pattern is developed, with higher values than those of Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University (1985) but lower values than the Massachusetts Institute of Technology pattern (Young et al. 1989). Calculations of age-related amino acid requirements are based on most recent estimates of human growth and maintenance protein requirements, a tissue amino acid pattern and the new maintenance amino acid pattern. These values appear valid when used to score plant prote...Continue Reading


Nov 1, 1979·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·G G GrahamW C MacLean
Jan 1, 1978·The International Journal of Biochemistry·R I Brinkworth, C J Masters
Jul 1, 1992·Journal of the Neurological Sciences·J S Chopra, A Sharma
Aug 1, 1991·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·D J MillwardD Halliday
May 1, 1986·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·C N MeredithV R Young
Feb 1, 1971·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·C H EdwardsS N Ganapathy
Aug 1, 1968·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·S BolourchiO Mickelsen
Jan 1, 1994·Annual Review of Nutrition·M F Fuller, P J Garlick
Jul 1, 1994·The Journal of Nutrition·T A DavisP J Reeds
May 1, 1994·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·V R Young, P L Pellett
Jan 1, 1994·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·M F FullerR Keenan
Jan 1, 1996·Health Affairs·R H Miller
Mar 1, 1996·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·A Cassidy
Nov 1, 1996·The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition·A M DuncanP B Pencharz
Sep 1, 1997·The Journal of Nutrition·D J Millward
Aug 31, 1999·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·M W RosegrantR V Gerpacio
Dec 10, 1956·The Journal of Nutrition·C A BAUMANNM S REYNOLDS
Dec 1, 1963·Folia Psychiatrica Et Neurologica Japonica·Y YAMAMOTOR SUGIU
Mar 1, 1997·Clinical Nutrition : Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·M H Golden
Jan 1, 1996·Nutrition Research Reviews·D J Millward, S B Roberts
Jan 1, 1989·Nutrition Research Reviews·D J MillwardJ P Rivers

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Dec 25, 2012·Clinical Nutrition : Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·Manja FleddermannGerhard Jahreis
Jan 1, 2013·Clinical Nutrition : Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition·Claudia C M van den BraakThomas Ludwig
Oct 8, 2013·Environment International·D VanhamG Bidoglio
Jan 16, 2014·Food Chemistry·L MišurcováS Kráčmar
Jun 27, 2001·Journal of the American Dietetic Association·V Messina, A R Mangels
Oct 31, 2012·The British Journal of Nutrition·D Joe Millward
Aug 31, 1999·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·D J Millward
Mar 1, 2013·Animal : an International Journal of Animal Bioscience·J M LorenzoD Franco
Jun 21, 2007·Archives of Animal Nutrition·Jaroslav HegerAlexander Sommer
Mar 19, 2002·Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology = Revue Canadienne De Physiologie Appliquée·D J Millward
Aug 15, 2000·Annual Review of Nutrition·M J Rennie, K D Tipton
Jun 21, 2007·PLoS Biology·Jian XuJeffrey I Gordon
Jan 1, 2014·PloS One·Priyanka DharShashi B Singh
Jan 2, 2009·Pediatrics in Review·Meredith Renda, Philip Fischer
Jun 27, 2003·Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research : a Publication of Dietitians of Canada = Revue Canadienne De La Pratique Et De La Recherche En Diététique : Une Publication Des Diététistes Du Canada·UNKNOWN American Dietetic Association, UNKNOWN Dietitians of Canada
May 11, 2013·Genetics and Molecular Research : GMR·P T C Gomes, N M A Nassar
Dec 24, 2013·The Permanente Journal·Craig McDougall, John McDougall
Jan 21, 2014·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Luciana BrasilMarta Madruga
Jun 5, 2003·Journal of the American Dietetic Association·UNKNOWN American Dietetic Association, UNKNOWN Dietitians of Canada
Feb 18, 2016·Journal of Amino Acids·Lionella PalegoGino Giannaccini
May 14, 2011·Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD·J-A GilbertA Astrup
Sep 15, 2009·Molecular Genetics and Metabolism·Erin L MacLeodDenise M Ney
Jul 1, 2009·Journal of the American Dietetic Association·Winston J CraigUNKNOWN American Dietetic Association
Mar 19, 2011·Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : RCM·Luciano O ValenzuelaJames R Ehleringer
Feb 24, 2001·American Journal of Epidemiology·V KipnisR J Carroll
Feb 15, 2001·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·D J Millward
Feb 15, 2001·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·A A Jackson
May 5, 2006·The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society·John C Mathers
Jul 12, 2005·Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research = Revista Brasileira De Pesquisas Médicas E Biológicas·R R FerreiraR A Azevedo
Jan 25, 2018·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·Anna K ShovellerJohn P Cant
Nov 13, 2002·Circulation·John McDougall
Aug 12, 2003·The British Journal of Nutrition·D J Millward

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.