The occurrence of single and multiple organ dysfunction in pediatric electrical versus other thermal burns

The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Gabriel HundeshagenLudwik K Branski

Abstract

Multiple organ failure (MOF) is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in burned children. While various complications induced by electrical injuries have been described, the incidence and severity of single organ failure (SOF) and MOF associated with this type of injury are unknown. The study was undertaken to compare the incidence and severity of SOF and MOF as well as other complications between electrically and thermally burned children. Between 2001 and 2016, 288 pediatric patients with electrical burns (EB; n = 96) or thermal burns (CTR; n = 192) were analyzed in this study. Demographic data; length of hospitalization; and number and type of operations, amputations, and complications were statistically analyzed. Incidence of SOF and MOF was assessed using the DENVER2 classification in an additive mixed model over time. Compound scores and organ-specific scores for lung, heart, kidney, and liver were analyzed. Serum cytokine expression profiles of both groups were also compared over time. Significance was accepted at p < 0.05. Both groups were comparable in age (CTR, 11 ± 5 years, vs EB, 11 ± 5 years), percent total body surface area burned (CTR, 33% ± 25%, vs EB, 32 ± 25%), and length of hospitalization (CTR, 18 ±...Continue Reading

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Citations

Oct 30, 2018·Journal of Burn Care & Research : Official Publication of the American Burn Association·Christian TapkingLudwik K Branski
Jul 15, 2018·Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries·Christian TapkingOscar E Suman

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