The origin of orchiopexy-induced testicular lesions in the pig

Fertility and Sterility
M T FrankenhuisC J Wensing


Cooling experiments of abdominal testes in adult, naturally cryptorchid pigs indicate that spermatogenic arrest in abdominal testes is not due to an inborn defect, but is caused solely by maintenance of the testis at abdominal temperature. It is postulated that failure of spermatogenic cells to differentiate after orchiopexy results from surgical trauma. Evaluation of the orchiopexy procedure revealed that simple manipulation of a normally descended testis may give rise to damage to the spermatogenic epithelium. Furthermore, it appeared that, in normally descended testes of naturally unilaterally cryptorchid pigs subjected to orchiopexy, the spermatogenic epithelium was poorly developed as compared with that of scrotal testes of unilaterally cryptorchid pigs that had not undergone a surgical procedure.


May 1, 1985·Archives internationales de physiologie et de biochimie·K Venkatarami Reddy, S Govindappa
Apr 1, 1988·International Journal of Andrology·V BaumansC J Wensing
Apr 1, 1986·International Journal of Andrology·E N Noordhuizen-Stassen, C J Wensing
Feb 1, 1982·European Journal of Pediatrics·M T FrankenhuisC J Wensing

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Unilateral Cryptorchidism
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