Mar 29, 2020

Mps1 expression is critical for chromosome orientation and segregation in yeast with high ploidy

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. SartinRegis E Meyer

Abstract

In aneuploid cancer cells, the chromosome segregation apparatus is sensitive to increased chromosome number. The conserved protein kinase, Mps1, is a critical actor of this machinery, orienting the chromosomes properly on the spindle. Abnormally high levels of this kinase have been found in tumors with elevated chromosome number. However, it remains unclear, mechanistically, if and how cells with higher ploidy become dependent upon increased Mps1 levels. To answer these questions, we explored Mps1 dependence in yeast cells with increased sets of chromosomes. We discovered that having more chromosomes affects the ability of cells to orient chromosomes properly. The cells with increased numbers of chromosomes are particularly sensitive to the reduction of Mps1 activity. In mps1 loss of function mutants, cells display an extended prometaphase with a longer spindle and a delay in orienting properly the chromosomes. Altogether, our results suggest that increased numbers of chromosomes render cells more dependent on Mps1 for orienting chromosomes on the spindle. The phenomenon described here may be relevant in understanding why hyperdiploid cancer cells become excessively reliant on high Mps1 expression for successful chromosome segr...Continue Reading

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