Jul 1, 1992

The oxygen free radical system: from equations through membrane-protein interactions to cardiovascular injury and protection

Cardiovascular Research
R C Kukreja, M L Hess

Abstract

Highly toxic oxygen radicals and their metabolites have been implicated in the pathogenesis of ischaemia/reperfusion injury. These reactive oxygen species include the superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical, and singlet oxygen. The central theme of this review is first to discuss the basic mechanisms of free radical generation from various potential sources, to point out and emphasise the growing importance of the role of singlet oxygen, and then to discuss in depth membrane-protein interactions that ultimately lead to myocardial damage and dysfunction. With this background, we highlight several novel therapeutic strategies aimed at interrupting the oxygen free radical mediated component of ischaemia/reperfusion injury. It is hoped that this thesis will then serve as a future impetus to challenge these hypotheses and further build on this truly unique system that has assumed such an important role in the pathophysiology of myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion and inflammation. "To those of us who are humbly exploring the mysteries of science, we must project our findings and model our systems. For if correct, we have made a small contribution and, if wrong, we have forced others to eventually think." A V Hill, on the ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
Pathogenic Aspects
Dioxygen
Hydrogen Peroxide
Pathogenesis
Histidine
Antioxidant Effect
Free Radicals
Myocardium
Myocardial Ischemia

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