Mediator complex subunit Med19 binds directly GATA DNA-binding zinc finger and functions with Med1 in GATA-driven gene regulation in vivo

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Clément ImmarigeonMuriel Boube

Abstract

The evolutionarily-conserved multiprotein Mediator complex (MED) serves as an interface between DNA-bound transcription factors (TFs) and the RNA Polymerase II machinery. It has been proposed that each TF interacts with a dedicated MED subunit to induce specific transcriptional responses. However, binary MED subunit - TF partnerships are probably oversimplified models. Using Drosophila TFs of the GATA family - Pannier (Pnr) and Serpent (Srp) - as a model, we have previously established GATA cofactor evolutionarily-conserved function for the Med1 Mediator subunit. Here, we show that another subunit, Med19, is required for GATA-dependent gene expression and interacts physically with Pnr and Srp in cellulo, in vivo and in vitro through their conserved C-zinc finger (ZF), indicating general GATA co-activator functions. Interestingly, Med19 is critical for the regulation of all tested GATA target genes which is not the case for Med1, suggesting differential use of MED subunits by GATAs depending on the target gene. Lastly, despite their presumed distant position within the MED middle module, both subunits interact physically. In conclusion, our data shed new light first on the MED complex, engaging several subunits to mediate TF-dri...Continue Reading

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