The pace of plant community change is accelerating in remnant prairies

Science Advances
Amy O AlstadDonald M Waller

Abstract

Patterns of biodiversity are changing rapidly. "Legacy studies" use historical data to document changes between past and present communities, revealing long-term trends that can often be linked to particular drivers of ecological change. However, a single pair of historical samples cannot ascertain whether rates of change are consistent or whether the impact and identity of drivers have shifted. Using data from a second resurvey of 47 Wisconsin prairie remnants, we show that the pace of community change has increased with shifts in the strength of particular drivers. Annual rates of local colonization and extinction accelerated by 129 and 214%, respectively, between 1950 and 1987 and between 1987 and 2012. Two anthropogenic drivers-patch area and fire history-increased in importance between these periods. As the strength and number of anthropogenic forces increase, rates of biodiversity change are likely to accelerate in other ecosystems as well.

Associated Datasets

References

May 19, 2006·Ecology Letters·Marti J AndersonBrian H McArdle
Mar 29, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·John W WilliamsJohn E Kutzbach
Jun 11, 2009·Conservation Biology : the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology·David A RogersDonald M Waller
Aug 12, 2009·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Mikko KuussaariIngolf Steffan-Dewenter
Oct 27, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Susan HarrisonJames B Grace
Jul 19, 2011·Science·James A EstesDavid A Wardle
May 3, 2013·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·Marlin L Bowles, Michael D Jones
Jun 28, 2013·American Journal of Botany·Mark VellendIsla H Myers-Smith
Jan 30, 2014·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Ben P WerlingDouglas A Landis

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Aug 1, 2019·Ecology Letters·Tora Finderup NielsenHans Henrik Bruun
Sep 27, 2018·Ecology and Evolution·Laura M LadwigDavid A Rogers
Jan 29, 2020·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Stuart WageniusGretel Kiefer
Apr 15, 2021·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Ke CaoJens-Christian Svenning

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Software Mentioned

PERMANOVA
ArcGIS
vegan
Trimble GeoXT

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

BMJ : British Medical Journal
J Willis
Nursing Mirror
L Robinson, J Cawthorne
Health Manpower Management
S Steel, N Fonda
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
A T ANTONY
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved