PMID: 9835661Dec 4, 1998

The Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT): norms for age, education, and ethnicity

Assessment
Michael C DiehrIgor Grant

Abstract

The Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task (PASAT) is often used to measure attention, concentration, working memory, and speed of information processing. Using a modified 200-item version of the PASAT with presentation rates of 3.0, 2.4, 2.0, and 1.6 items per second, we analyzed demographic influences on test performance in a large sample (N = 566) of healthy North American adults. We found that age, education, and ethnicity were significant predictors, accounting for nearly 23% of the variance in test performance. We discuss these results in comparison to previous normative studies, and present a formula and tables for computing age, education, and ethnicity-adjusted T scores for performance on the PASAT 200.

References

May 4, 2012·Neurological Sciences : Official Journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology·D ObradovicS Obradovic
Mar 19, 2009·Neuropsychology Review·Philip G Gasquoine
Nov 28, 2007·Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology : the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology·Scott LetendreCHARTER Group
Sep 6, 2005·Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists·Laura K SheridanRobert A Zucker
Nov 18, 2005·Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists·T N Tombaugh
Jul 4, 2006·Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists·Angela L JeffersonRonald A Cohen
Oct 28, 2006·Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists·Julie BalzanoJ DeLuca
Feb 27, 2007·Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists·Kyle Brauer BooneMarcel Pontón
Sep 6, 2003·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·Hartmut SchächingerUlrich Keller
Nov 5, 2002·Schizophrenia Research·Philip D HarveyGoedele De Smedt
Jan 31, 2004·Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS·Julie D RippethHNRC Group
Jan 31, 2004·Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS·Alan H LockwoodDavid S Wack
May 19, 2004·Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS·Robert K HeatonHNRC Group
May 19, 2004·Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS·Desiree ByrdJennifer Manly
Jun 21, 2005·Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS·Otto PedrazaRobert J Ivnik
Aug 19, 2007·Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS·Lucette A CysiqueHNRC Group
Nov 26, 2011·Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS·Kaitlin BlackstoneCNS HIV Antiretroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) Group
Feb 2, 2006·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·Thomas D MarcotteHNRC Group
May 9, 2006·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·Catherine L CareyHIV Neurobehavioral Research Center (HNRC) Group
Mar 4, 2010·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·Jennifer E IudicelloHIV Neurobehavioral Research Center (HNRC) Group
Mar 11, 2011·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·Lucette A CysiqueHNRC Group
Feb 2, 2012·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·Jennifer E IudicelloHIV Neurobehavioral Research Program Hnrp Group
Jul 7, 2007·The Clinical Neuropsychologist·Jason Brandt
Apr 8, 2010·The Clinical Neuropsychologist·Monica Rivera MindtJennifer Manly
Feb 3, 2009·Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists·Alan S KaufmanCheryl K Johnson
Feb 18, 2010·The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences·Erica WeberHIV Neurobehavioral Research Center Group
Jul 16, 2010·BMC Neurology·Georgette D KanmogneAlfred K Njamnshi
Jan 5, 2002·Developmental Neuropsychology·L BhererI Peretz
Sep 26, 2014·Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists·Daniel A ProtoJohn F Linck
Nov 29, 2005·Journal of Gambling Studies·Stacey B DaughtersHenry R Lesieur
Feb 15, 2013·Journal of Neurovirology·Erin E MorganCNS HIV Antiretroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) Group
Aug 13, 2013·Journal of Neurovirology·Catherine A DufourHNRP Group
Jul 3, 2013·Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology : Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology·Elizabeth KozoraChristopher M Filley
Jan 20, 2007·The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation·Lisa A BrennerMarilyn Selinger
Nov 20, 2012·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·Christina M ArmstrongThomas D Parsons
Mar 17, 2007·Brain Injury : [BI]·Andrea SerinoElisabetta Làdavas
May 9, 2012·Drug and Alcohol Dependence·Erica WeberTranslational Methamphetamine AIDS Research Center (TMARC) Group
Mar 31, 2012·Behaviour Research and Therapy·Paul Lucian SzaszStefan G Hofmann
Mar 17, 2010·Revue neurologique·F ReuterP Auquier
Mar 8, 2016·Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings·Katie L DoyleHIV Neurobehavioral Research Program (HNRP) Group

Citations

Apr 1, 1977·Perceptual and Motor Skills·D Gronwall
Feb 1, 1987·Journal of Neurosurgery·H S LevinR F Frankowski
Sep 14, 1974·Lancet·D Gronwall, P Wrightson
Aug 1, 1997·Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology·A N WiensJ R Crossen
May 1, 1995·Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS·Robert K HeatonRonald J Ellis

Related Concepts

Memory for Designs Test
European Continental Ancestry Group
Illiteracy
African American
Mental Concentration
Cognition
Performance Tests
Memory
Mathematics

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.