The papaya Kunitz-type trypsin inhibitor is a highly stable beta-sheet glycoprotein

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Mohamed AzarkanDanielle Baeyens-Volant


The papaya Kunitz-type trypsin inhibitor, a 24-kDa glycoprotein, was purified to homogeneity. The purified inhibitor stoichiometrically inhibits bovine trypsin in a 1:1 molar ratio. Circular dichroism and infrared spectroscopy analyses demonstrated that the inhibitor contains extensive beta-sheet structures. The inhibitor was found to retain its full inhibitory activity over a broad pH range (1.5-11.0) and temperature (up to 80 degrees C), besides being stable at very high concentrations of strong chemical denaturants (e.g., 5.5 M guanidine hydrochloride). The inhibitor retained its compact structure over the pH range analyzed as shown by 8-anilino-1-naphtalenesulfonic acid binding characteristics, excluding the formation of some relaxed or molten state. Exposure to 2.5 mM dithiothreitol for 120 min caused a 33% loss of the inhibitory activity, while a loss of 75% was obtained in the presence of 20 mM of dithiothreitol during the same time period. A complete loss of the inhibitory activity was observed after incubation with 50 mM dithiothreitol for 5 min. Incubation of the inhibitor with general proteases belonging to different families revealed its extraordinary resistance to proteolysis in comparison with the soybean trypsin ...Continue Reading


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