PMID: 38952Jun 6, 1978

The pathology and biochemistry of paraquat

Ciba Foundation Symposium
L L SmithI Wyatt

Abstract

After the administration of paraquat to rats the lung is the organ most severely damaged. The pathology in the lung can be divided into two distinct phases: (1) a destruction phase lasting a few days with damage to the type I and type II alveolar epithelial cells, oedema and haemorrhage (most of the rats which die after dosing with paraquat do so during this phase); (2) a reparative phase with regeneration of the epithelium and, in areas of severe damage, a characteristic proliferation of fibroblasts. In both phases of the lesion the death of the rats results from anoxia. Paraquat is selectively accumulated by the rat lung in comparison with other tissues and this accounts, at least in part, for the specific toxic effect in this organ. The accumulation into the lung was shown by in vitro studies to depend on energy and is inhibited by various endogenous and exogenous compounds. This uptake process is not that which has been described for 5-hydroxytryptamine and evidence is presented to suggest that the type I and type II alveolar epithelial cells are sites of accumulation. When paraquat is present in lung cells, it undergoes a cyclical reduction and oxidation with the production of superoxide anion. This radical may lead direct...Continue Reading

References

Jul 1, 1982·Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology·A D Siefkin

Related Concepts

Paragreen A
Pentose Phosphate Pathway
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Hemorrhagic Septicemia
Lung
Tang Hsi Ryu Syndrome
Rat Lung
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count
Alveolar
Serotonin

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.