The pelvic epithelium of the rat kidney: a scanning and transmission electron microscopic study

The American Journal of Anatomy
R Verani, R E Bulger

Abstract

The renal pelvis of the rat is characterized by extensions called specialized fornices that penetrate into the outer zone of the outer medulla (a type II as classified by Pfeiffer, 1968, 1970). The renal pelvic epithelium, therefore, covers areas of the kidney from the inner medulla, the inner and outer stripe of the outer medulla, and the cortex. The renal pelves of seven rats were studied by transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The transitional epithelium on the nonparenchymal surface of the pelvis was three to four cell layers thick (zone 0-1). This epithelium became thinner where it covered the renal cortex (zone 1-2) or the outer medulla. Although the apical cells of the epithelium retained the asymmetric luminal unit-membrane plaques, the number of cytoplasmic fusiform vesicles decreased as one studied the epithelium progressing over the zones from cortex toward papilla. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated a small number of surface cells of a different morphology that were characterized by apical microvilli. The number of these microvillous lining cells increased as the epithelium covering the outer (zone 2-3) and inner (zone 3-4) stripe regions of the outer medulla was viewed, until the inner medulla was ...Continue Reading

References

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Mar 20, 2020·Physiological Reviews·Marianela G DalghiGerard Apodaca

Related Concepts

Mesothelium
Renal Pelvis
Electron Microscopy
Scanning Electron Microscopy
August Rats

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