PMID: 16742603May 1, 1968

The pentose phosphate pathway of glucose metabolism. Measurement of the non-oxidative reactions of the cycle

The Biochemical Journal
F Novello, P McLean


Methods for the quantitative determination of ribose 5-phosphate isomerase, ribulose 5-phosphate 3-epimerase, transketolase and transaldolase in tissue extracts are described. The determinations depend on the measurement of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate by using the coupled system triose phosphate isomerase, alpha-glycero-phosphate dehydrogenase and NADH. By using additional purified enzymes transketolase, ribose 5-phosphate isomerase and ribulose 5-phosphate epimerase conditions could be arranged so that each enzyme in turn was made rate-limiting in the overall system. Transaldolase was measured with fructose 6-phosphate and erythrose 4-phosphate as substrates, and again glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate was measured by using the same coupled system. Measurements of the activities of the non-oxidative reactions of the pentose phosphate pathway were made in a variety of tissues and the values compared with those of the two oxidative steps catalysed by glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase.


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