The perchlorate anion is more effective than the trifluoroacetate anion as an ion-pairing reagent for reversed-phase chromatography of peptides

Journal of Chromatography. a
M ShibueRobert S Hodges

Abstract

The addition of salts, specifically sodium perchlorate (NaClO4), to mobile phases at acidic pH as ion-pairing reagents for reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) has been generally overlooked. To demonstrate the potential of NaClO4 as an effective anionic ion-pairing reagent, we applied RP-HPLC in the presence of 0-100 mM sodium chloride (NaCl), sodium trifluoroacetate (NaTFA) or NaClO4 to two mixtures of synthetic 18-residue peptides: a mixture of peptides with the same net positive charge (+4) and a mixture of four peptides of +1, +2, +3 and +4 net charge. Interestingly, the effect of increasing NaClO4 concentration on increasing peptide retention times and selectivity changes was more dramatic than that of either NaCl or NaTFA, with the order of increasing anion effectiveness being Cl- < TFA- < C104-. Such effects were more marked when salt addition was applied to eluents containing 10 mM phosphoric acid (H3PO4) compared to 10 mM trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) due to the lesser starting anion hydrophobicity of the former mobile phase (containing the phosphate ion) compared to the latter (containing the TFA- ion).

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Citations

Jul 2, 2014·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Alice PedraliCaterina Temporini
Feb 26, 2013·Journal of Chromatography. a·Susanna BernardiMassimo Morbidelli
Sep 30, 2010·Journal of Chromatography. a·Abhijit TarafderMassimo Morbidelli
Nov 1, 2008·Journal of Chromatography. a·T Cecchi, P Passamonti
Apr 12, 2008·Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis·G MarrubiniG Massolini
Jul 12, 2007·Journal of Separation Science·Uwe D Neue
Apr 4, 2006·Analytical Biochemistry·Joseph RosenbluhAbraham Loyter
Dec 17, 2014·Journal of Chromatographic Science·Balázs BobályJenő Fekete
Aug 9, 2016·Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences·Suzanne M D'AddioAllen C Templeton
Jun 6, 2007·Biomedical Chromatography : BMC·T Cserháti
Jul 1, 2008·Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry·Teresa Cecchi
Dec 9, 2020·Pharmaceuticals·Karol SikoraWojciech Kamysz
Apr 13, 2021·Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences·Imad A Haidar AhmadErik L Regalado
Nov 16, 2018·Langmuir : the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids·Hemant CharayaHyun-Joong Chung

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