Jan 17, 2009

The pH shift and precursor feeding strategy in a low-toxicity FR-008/candicidin derivative CS103 fermentation bioprocess by a mutant of Streptomyces sp. FR-008

Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Xiangzhao MaoDongzhi Wei


CS103, the novel derivative of polyene macrolides antibiotic FR-008/candicidin with lower toxicity has been isolated from the culture mycelia of the mutant of Streptomyces sp. FR-008, with targeted deletions of the fscP cytochrome P450 gene from its chromosome. To enhance biosynthesis of CS103, pH shift and precursor feeding strategy for fermentation process by the mutant of Streptomyces sp. FR-008 in a stirred tank bioreactor was developed. According to the process parameters analysis, the effectiveness of the strategy was examined and confirmed by experiments. A maximal CS103 concentration of 139.98 microg/mL was obtained, 2.05-fold higher than that in the pH-uncontrolled fermentation. Compared to other three cases as pH-uncontrolled, pH-controlled, and two-stage pH-controlled batch cultures, the proposed "pH shift and precursor feeding strategy" effectively avoided the scarcity of the antibiotic precursor, increased the CS103 yield from biomass (Y (P/X)) and substrate (Y (P/S)) by 110.61% and 48.52%, respectively, and at the time the fermentation time was shortened from 120 to 96 h. The highest CS103 production rate (1.46 microg mL(-1) h(-1)) of the pH shift and precursor feeding strategy was 284.21%, 97.30%, and 58.70% high...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Macrolide Antibiotics
Cytochrome P450
Cytochrome P450 Activity

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.