PMID: 590309Nov 14, 1977

The pharmacokinetics of cefuroxime after intravenous injection

European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
P E Gower, C H Dash


Cefuroxime, a new cephalosporin antibiotic which is stable to most beta-lactamases produced by gram-negative bacteria, was given by bolus intravenous injection to six volunteers in doses of 500 mg and 750 mg. The concentrations of cefuroxime in serum and urine were measured at pre-determined times after injection and the data analysed by a two-compartment open system model. A serum concentration of 8 microgram/ml was exceeded for 100.3 min (+/- 18.3) after a 500 mg dose and for 144.5 min (+/- 19.8) after 750 mg. The ultimate serum half-life was 1.1 h. Excretion of cefuroxime in the urine was almost complete in 24 h, the clearance being 150 ml/min/1.73m2. About 45% was excreted through the renal tubules. The injections were well tolerated and no changes in haematological or biochemical values were seen. The resulting data are compared with those published for some other cephalosporins. It is concluded that the favourable pharmacokinetics, especially the high concentrations of unbound cefuroxime in the serum, are likely to aid effective therapy of human infection caused by sensitive bacteria.


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