PMID: 6150816Nov 1, 1984

The pharmacokinetics of indecainide in mice, rats, dogs, and monkeys

Drug Metabolism and Disposition : the Biological Fate of Chemicals
T D Lindstrom, G W Whitaker

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of indecainide, a new antiarrhythmic agent, were studied in mice, rats, dogs, and monkeys. The drug was well absorbed in all species tested resulting in peak plasma levels of drug within 2 hr. The plasma half-life of indecainide after acute oral administration was 3-5 hr in rats, dogs, and monkeys but considerably shorter in mice. The plasma half-life of indecainide was dose-dependent in dogs and increased slightly with chronic dosing. Peak plasma levels of drug were also dose-dependent in dogs and monkeys. Fecal elimination was the primary route of excretion of the drug in rats and mice after oral dosing. Fifty per cent of the dose was excreted in the bile of rats which was then subject to enterohepatic circulation. Urinary elimination was the predominant excretory route in the dog. Tissue distribution of radioactivity in rats showed that tissues which first encounter the drug have the highest levels of radioactivity. The highest concentrations were found in the stomach, intestine, liver, and kidney, whereas very low levels were observed in the fat and brain. Except for liver and kidney, only very low levels were present after 24 hr.

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