The pharmacological role of the kidney

Drugs
D C Brater

Abstract

Renal function can modify the relationship between drug dose and clinical effect in a variety of ways. Effects on absorption, distribution volume and elimination influence the concentration of drug attained in blood. Consequently, such effects can often be detected and/or prevented by monitoring of serum concentrations of drugs. However, such monitoring alone is insufficient for optimum therapeutic use of drugs and must be accompanied by clinical monitoring of endpoints of efficacy and toxicity, since the relationship between the concentration of drug in serum and response may also be changed. Accumulation of active metabolites that are not measured by conventional drug assays makes interpretation of serum concentrations of drugs such as procainamide particularly hazardous. Effects of renal function on the relationship between amounts of drug in blood and response can only be detected by assessing endpoints of pharmacological effect. Since renal function can affect drug disposition by such a wide variety of mechanisms, the astute clinician must be aware of these potential mechanisms to make best use of his clinical skills and laboratory armamentarium for the benefit of his patients.

Citations

Apr 1, 1984·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology·Y AbeK Yamamoto
Jun 26, 2008·Acta Clinica Belgica·A J Scheen
Jan 1, 1984·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·P A Routledge
Dec 1, 1985·Journal of Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy·C G Regårdh
Jul 1, 1987·Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·I Bekersky

Related Concepts

Pharmaceutical Preparations
Hemodialysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Intestinal Absorption
Kidney
Drug or Chemical Tissue Distribution

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