The physiological role of the isoenzymes of lactate dehydrogenase in potatoes

H Asker, D D Davies


Four of the five isoenzymes of lactate dehydrogenase present in potato tubers have been isolated and their kinetic properties examined. The pyruvate-reductase activity of isoenzyme-4 is greatly reduced at low pH, the affinity for both pyruvate and NADH is reduced and ATP has a stronger inhibitory effect. If the design properties of an enzyme dictate a high affinity for substrates, then the Km values for lactate, glyoxylate and NAD are consistent with an oxidative role for isoenzyme-4. The same considerations do not permit a conclusion about the physiological role of isoenzymes-1 to-3. However, an overview of the kinetic properties of these isoenzymes indicates that isoenzyme-1 is best adapted for the role of pyruvate reductase. Consideration of the relationships between kinetic constants and electrophoretic mobilities of the isoenzymes, leads us to predict that isoenzyme-5 is well adapted for a role in the oxidation of lactate or glyoxylate. The lactate dehydrogenase of potato leaves appears to consist prodominantly of an isoenzyme with the same mobility as isoenzyme-2 of the tubers and the two isoenzymes are probably identical. The kinetic properties of this isoenzyme are consistent with roles in either oxidation or reduction.


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Related Concepts

Adenosine Triphosphate
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