Binocular disparity provides the visual system with information concerning the three-dimensional layout of the environment. Recent physiological studies in the primary visual cortex provide a successful account of the mechanisms by which single neurons are able to signal disparity. This work also reveals that additional processing is required to make explicit the types of signal required for depth perception (such as the ability to match features correctly between the two monocular images). Some of these signals, such as those encoding relative disparity, are found in extrastriate cortex. Several other lines of evidence also suggest that the link between perception and neuronal activity is stronger in extrastriate cortex (especially MT) than in the primary visual cortex.
Visual suppression from nondominant eye in the lateral geniculate nucleus: a comparison of cat and monkey
Binocular interaction and depth sensitivity in striate and prestriate cortex of behaving rhesus monkey
Stereopsis after unilateral anterior temporal lobectomy. Dissociation between local and global measures
Stereoscopic depth discrimination in the visual cortex: neurons ideally suited as disparity detectors
Selective impairment of visual motion interpretation following lesions of the right occipito-parietal area in humans
Stimulus specific responses from beyond the classical receptive field: neurophysiological mechanisms for local-global comparisons in visual neurons
Responses of neurons in visual cortex (V1 and V2) of the alert macaque to dynamic random-dot stereograms
Stereoscopic vision in macaque monkey. Cells sensitive to binocular depth in area 18 of the macaque monkey cortex
Analysis of retinal correspondence by studying receptive fields of binocular single units in cat striate cortex
Binocular simple cells for local stereopsis: comparison of receptive field organizations for the two eyes
Functional properties of neurons in middle temporal visual area of the macaque monkey. II. Binocular interactions and sensitivity to binocular disparity
Neuronal mechanisms underlying stereopsis: how do simple cells in the visual cortex encode binocular disparity?
Neurons in monkey parietal area LIP are tuned for eye-movement parameters in three-dimensional space
Binocular interaction and disparity coding in area 19 of visual cortex in normal and split-chiasm cats
Spatiotemporal organization of simple-cell receptive fields in the cat's striate cortex. I. General characteristics and postnatal development
Spatiotemporal organization of simple-cell receptive fields in the cat's striate cortex. II. Linearity of temporal and spatial summation
Neural processing of stereopsis as a function of viewing distance in primate visual cortical area V1
Modulation of cell responses to horizontal disparities by ocular vergence in the visual cortex of the awake Macaca mulatta monkey
An early antecedent to modern random dot stereograms --'the secret stereoscopic writing' of Ramón y Cajal
Head-centric disparity and epipolar geometry estimation from a population of binocular energy neurons
The neuroscience of vision-based grasping: a functional review for computational modeling and bio-inspired robotics
Ocular dominance predicts neither strength nor class of disparity selectivity with random-dot stimuli in primate V1
Reaching in reality and virtual reality: a comparison of movement kinematics in healthy subjects and in adults with hemiparesis
Integration of 3D structure from disparity into biological motion perception independent of depth awareness
Binocular neurons in parastriate cortex: interocular 'matching' of receptive field properties, eye dominance and strength of silent suppression
The relationship between subthreshold and suprathreshold ocular dominance in cat primary visual cortex
Cortical Dynamics of Figure-Ground Separation in Response to 2D Pictures and 3D Scenes: How V2 Combines Border Ownership, Stereoscopic Cues, and Gestalt Grouping Rules
Playing the electric light orchestra--how electrical stimulation of visual cortex elucidates the neural basis of perception
On the road to invariant object recognition: how cortical area V2 transforms absolute to relative disparity during 3D vision
Short-latency disparity-vergence eye movements in humans: sensitivity to simulated orthogonal tropias
Path dissociation of visual signals entering the cortex: disparity, contour orientation and position
Early binocular vision in human infants: limitations on the generality of the Superposition Hypothesis
Short-latency ocular following in humans is dependent on absolute (rather than relative) binocular disparity
Weighted parallel contributions of binocular correlation and match signals to conscious perception of depth
Can ophthalmologists repair the brain in infantile esotropia? Early surgery, stereopsis, monofixation syndrome, and the legacy of Marshall Parks
Assessment of depth perception using psychophysical thresholds and stereoscopically evoked brain activity
Human cortical neural correlates of visual fatigue during binocular depth perception: An fNIRS study
Integration of retinal disparity and fixation-distance related signals toward an egocentric coding of distance in the posterior parietal cortex of primates
Paucity of horizontal connections for binocular vision in V1 of naturally strabismic macaques: Cytochrome oxidase compartment specificity
Simple reaction times to cyclopean stimuli reveal that the binocular system is tuned to react faster to near than to far objects
Evaluation of visual function in Royal College of Surgeon rats using a depth perception visual cliff test
Disparity-tuning characteristics of neuronal responses to dynamic random-dot stereograms in macaque visual area V4
Effect of vertical disparities on depth representation in macaque monkeys: MT physiology and behavior
Contributions of excitation and suppression in shaping spatial frequency selectivity of V1 neurons as revealed by binocular measurements
A Single Mechanism Can Account for Human Perception of Depth in Mixed Correlation Random Dot Stereograms
Binocular disparity can augment the capacity of vision without affecting subjective experience of depth
A Computational Model for the Neural Representation and Estimation of the Binocular Vector Disparity from Convergent Stereo Image Pairs
Solving visual correspondence between the two eyes via domain-based population encoding in nonhuman primates
Binocular responsiveness of projection neurons of the praying mantis optic lobe in the frontal visual field
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