Apr 29, 1980

The poly(adenylic acid)-protein complex is restricted to the nonpolysomal messenger ribonucleoprotein of Physarum polycephalum

Biochemistry
D S AdamsW R Jeffery

Abstract

The distribution of poly(adenylic acid) [poly(A)]-protein complexes in the polysomal and nonpolysomal messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) fractions of Physarum polycephalum was examined in the present study. Poly-(A)-containing components released from the nonpolysomal mRNP by ribonuclease (RNase) digestion were quantitatively adsorbed to nitrocellulose filters at low ionic strength, were highly resistant to micrococcal nuclease under conditions in which free poly(A) was completely degraded, and sedimented as a 10-15S particle which was disrupted by sodium dodecyl sulfate and protease treatment. These are characteristics of the poly(A)-protein complex. In contrast,poly(A)-containing molecules released from the polysomes by RNase were refractive to nitrocellulose, were completely sensitive to micrococcal nuclease, and sedimented at 2-4 S, identical with the sedimentation exhibited by protein-free poly(A). Examination of the poly(A) sequences present in polysomal and nonpolysomal mRNP by polyacylamide gel electrophoresis showed that the former contained only very short sequences, averaging approximately 15 nucleotides, while the latter exhibited only much longer segments, averaging approximately 65 nucleotides. It is concluded tha...Continue Reading

  • References22
  • Citations12

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Polyribosomes
Physarum
Adenine Polynucleotides
Nucleoproteins
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
15S RNA
Poly(A) Tail
Ribonucleoproteins

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