Jul 13, 2000

The possibility of gene therapy for the treatment of choroidal neovascularization

Ophthalmology
T MurataS J Ryan

Abstract

Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is responsible for most cases of severe visual loss in age-related macular degeneration. Recently, the possibility of gene therapy has been proposed for the treatment of CNV. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of ex vivo and in situ gene therapy approaches for CNV. Experimental study. Human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells were transduced with a retroviral vector coding for beta-galactosidase. Transduced cells were grown on type II collagen sheets and transplanted under the retina of 20 rabbits. Animals were observed for 3 to 56 days, and transplanted cells were examined histologically and with X-gal staining. Bovine choroidal endothelial cells (CEC) were transduced with retroviral vectors coding for tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) or control vector. Production of TIMP-2 by transduced cells was determined by immunohistochemical analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Effect of transduction on in vitro proliferation, migration, and tube formation was examined in response to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Four CNV lesions were induced in one cynomolgus monkey by laser photocoagulation. Two days later, retroviral vector coding for T...Continue Reading

  • References27
  • Citations6

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Arsa
Choroid
Gmcl1
Shuttle Vectors
Tek
Transfection
TIMP2
Angpt1
Entire Retina
Angiogenic Process

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