Aug 1, 1977

The potential advantages and requirements of live attenuated influenza virus vaccines

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine
J S MacKenzie


Live attenuated influenza A virus vaccines are potentially the most efficient and effective method of immunization against epidemic influenza, and offer the only feasible means of mass vaccination at a socially acceptable cost. The advantage of live virus vaccines are described and compared with killed virus vaccines in terms of immune responses, protection and commercial production. The most frequently considered methods of attenuation and their individual drawbacks are discussed with speculation on the future development and rationale of master vaccine strains. Recommended minimal requirements of master vaccine strains and candidate live vaccines are presented as a basis for their eventual evaluation by licensing authorities.

Mentioned in this Paper

Colostral IgA
Antibodies, Viral
Vaccines, Attenuated
Antigenic Specificity
Orthomyxovirus Type A, Porcine
Virus Cultivation
Antigens, Viral
Trivalent Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine

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