The presence of five cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isoenzyme activities in bovine tracheal smooth muscle and the functional effects of selective inhibitors

British Journal of Pharmacology
M ShahidJ Zaagsma

Abstract

1. The profile of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (PDE) isoenzymes and the relaxant effects of isoenzyme selective inhibitors were examined in bovine tracheal smooth muscle. The compounds examined were the non-selective inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), zaprinast (PDE V selective), milrinone and Org 9935 (4,5-dihydro-6-(5,6-dimethoxy-benzo[b]thien-2-yl)-5-methyl-1 (2H)-pyridazinone; both PDE III selective), rolipram (PDE IV selective) and Org 30029 (N-hydroxy-5,6-dimethoxy-benzo[b]-thiophene-2-carboximidamide HCl a dual PDE III/IV inhibitor). 2. Ion exchange chromatography showed three main peaks of PDE activity. The first peak was stimulated by Ca2+/calmodulin (PDE I), the adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) hydrolytic activity of the second peak was stimulated by guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) (PDE II) whilst that of the third peak was not significantly modified by any regulator (PDE IV). Calmodulin affinity chromatography revealed the additional presence of cyclic GMP-specific PDE (PDE V) in the first peak. A clearly distinct peak of cyclic GMP-inhibited PDE (PDE III) was not observed. However, Org 9935 inhibited the third activity peak more effectively in the presence, than i...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Metazoa
Bos indicus
Chromatography, Affinity
Ion-Exchange Chromatography Procedure
Alloenzymes
Muscle Relaxation Phase
Smooth Muscle
Trachea
2',3'-Cyclic-Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases
In Vitro [Publication Type]

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