The production of organic acids

Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
M Mattey

Abstract

The production of organic acids covers two aspects: first, the metabolic pathways involved in the biosynthesis, and, second, the industrial process strategy adopted. The review seeks to show the underlying biochemical similarities in the biosynthesis of organic acids and the resulting similarities in the commercial processes. Two groups of acids are defined, those with a "long" biosynthetic path from glucose, involving much of the glycolytic pathway and the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and those acids with a "short pathway", essentially a biotransformation of glucose. The regulation of the pathways and the future developments in metabolic control theory and genetic manipulations relating to them are considered. The organisms used industrially are also limited, Aspergillus sp. and Candida yeasts; again the underlying metabolic similarities lead to similar strategies for all the acids discussed.

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