Apr 8, 2010

The prognostic value of dipstick urinalysis in children admitted to hospital with severe malnutrition

Archives of Disease in Childhood
Nahashon ThuoKathryn Maitland

Abstract

Children with severe malnutrition (SAM) present to hospital with an array of complications, resulting in high mortality despite adherence to WHO guidelines. Diagnostic resources in developing countries are limited and bedside tests could help identify high-risk children. Dipstick urinalysis is a bedside screening test for urinary tract infections (UTIs). UTIs are common in SAM and can lead to secondary invasive bacterial sepsis. Very few studies have examined the usefulness of dipstick screening of urine specimens in SAM and none has explored its prognostic value. A 2-year prospective study on children admitted in Kilifi District Hospital, Kenya, with SAM. Freshly voided, clean catch urine samples were tested using Multistix reagent test strips. Positive samples were sent for culture. Of the 667 children admitted, 498 children (75%) provided urine samples; of these, 119 (24%) were positive for either leucocyte esterase (LE) or nitrites. Culture-proven UTI was detected in 28 children (6% overall). All isolates were coliforms and were >50% were resistant to cotrimoxazole and gentamicin. There was no difference in severity signs between those with positive dipstick and those without. Case fatality was higher among children with a ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Urinalysis
Urine
Gentamicins
Urinary Tract Infection
Hospitalization
Coliform bacteria
Urinalysis; Qualitative or Semiquantitative, Except Immunoassays
Malnutrition
Gentamicin Measurement
Nitrites

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