Comprehensive Chromosome End Remodeling During Programmed DNA Elimination

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jianbin WangR. E. Davis

Abstract

Germline and somatic genomes are typically the same in a multicellular organism. However, in some organisms including the parasitic nematode Ascaris, programmed DNA elimination leads to a reduced somatic genome compared to germline cells. Previous work on the parasitic nematode Ascaris demonstrated that programmed DNA elimination encompasses high fidelity chromosomal breaks at specific genome locations and loss of specific genome sequences including a major tandem repeat of 120 bp and ~1,000 germline-expressed genes. However, the precise chromosomal locations of the 120 bp repeats, the breaks regions, and the eliminated genes remained unknown. Here, we used PacBio long-read sequencing and chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) to obtain fully assembled chromosomes of Ascaris germline and somatic genomes, enabling a complete chromosomal view of DNA elimination. Surprisingly, we found that all 24 germline chromosomes undergo comprehensive chromosome end remodeling with DNA breaks in their subtelomeric regions and loss of distal sequences including the telomeres at both chromosome ends. All new Ascaris somatic chromosome ends are recapped by de novo telomere healing. We provide an ultrastructural analysis of DNA elimination and sh...Continue Reading

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