The properties and large-scale production of L-asparaginase from citrobacter

Journal of General Microbiology
S BascombK A Bettelheim

Abstract

An intracellular L-asparaginase with antitumour activity was purified from a strain of Citrobacter. The optimum conditions for enzyme production by fermentation on scales up to 2700 l were investigated. Highest enzyme yield was obtained in corn-steep liquor medium (9-2%, W/V) at 37 degrees C. Oxygen limitation was not necessary for high enzyme yield. A total recovery of 4-3% from nucleic-acid-free extract and a 180-fold increase in specific activity were obtained after purificaiton. The specific activity of the purified preparation was 45 i.u./mg protein. The enzyme hydrolysed D-asparagine and L-glutamine at 7 and 5%, respectively, of its activity toward L-asparagine, but L-glutaminase activity could be demonstrated only at substrate concentrations above 5 mM. The Km values for L-asparagine and D-asparagine were 2-6 X 10(-5) and 1-4 X 10(-4) respectively. The anti-lymphoma activity of the enzyme was demonstrated with Gardner lymphosarcoma and was found only slightly less potent that Crasnitin, the most active asparaginase so far tested in this system.

Citations

Apr 14, 2015·Critical Reviews in Microbiology·Prajna Rao KrishnapuraSandeep Subramanya
Nov 9, 2015·Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology·Tahira BatoolMashitah M Yusoff
Jun 1, 1982·Biotechnology and Bioengineering·J D Brosseau, J E Zajic

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Asparaginase medac
Asparagine
Citrobacter
Zea luxurians
Medicinal Plants Testing, Preclinical
Paracolobactrum
Fermentation
Phosphate-Activated Glutaminase
D-Glutamine

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