PMID: 231996Dec 1, 1979Paper

The properties of purified low molecular weight phosphoprotein phosphatase from rabbit heart

Canadian Journal of Biochemistry
R L Khandelwal

Abstract

A simplified procedure for the purification of low molecular weight phosphoprotein phosphatase acting on muscle phosphorylase a has been described from rabbit heart. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity by acid precipitation, ethanol treatment, and chromatography on Sephadex G-75 and Sepharose-histone. The purified enzyme showed a single band when examined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; the molecular weight calculated by this method was 34 000. The S20, W value and Stokes radius for the enzyme was 3.35 and 24.0 A(1 A = 0.1 nm), respectively. Using these two values, a molecular weight of 35 000 was calculated. Purified enzyme showed a wide substrate specificity and catalyzed the dephosphorylation of phosphorylase a, glycogen synthase D, phosphorylated histone, and phosphorylated casein. Kinetic studies revealed the lowest Km with glycogen synthase D and maximum Vmax for the reaction with phosphorylase a.

Related Concepts

Ammonium Sulfate
Chromatography, Agarose
Molecular Sieve Chromatography
SDS-PAGE
Myocardium
Protein-Threonine Phosphatase
Irium
Substrate Specificity

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.