PMID: 231996Dec 1, 1979Paper

The properties of purified low molecular weight phosphoprotein phosphatase from rabbit heart

Canadian Journal of Biochemistry
R L Khandelwal


A simplified procedure for the purification of low molecular weight phosphoprotein phosphatase acting on muscle phosphorylase a has been described from rabbit heart. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity by acid precipitation, ethanol treatment, and chromatography on Sephadex G-75 and Sepharose-histone. The purified enzyme showed a single band when examined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; the molecular weight calculated by this method was 34 000. The S20, W value and Stokes radius for the enzyme was 3.35 and 24.0 A(1 A = 0.1 nm), respectively. Using these two values, a molecular weight of 35 000 was calculated. Purified enzyme showed a wide substrate specificity and catalyzed the dephosphorylation of phosphorylase a, glycogen synthase D, phosphorylated histone, and phosphorylated casein. Kinetic studies revealed the lowest Km with glycogen synthase D and maximum Vmax for the reaction with phosphorylase a.

Related Concepts

Ammonium Sulfate
Chromatography, Agarose
Molecular Sieve Chromatography
Protein-Threonine Phosphatase
Substrate Specificity

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