Jan 30, 2020

The proteasomal deubiquitinating enzyme PSMD14 regulates macroautophagy by controlling Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Hianara BustamantePatricia Burgos

Abstract

Ubiquitination regulates several biological processes. Here, we search for ubiquitin-related genes implicated in protein membrane trafficking performing a High-Content siRNA Screening including 1,187 genes of the human "ubiquitinome" using Amyloid Precursor Protein (APP) as a reporter. We identified the deubiquitinating enzyme PSMD14, a subunit of the 19S regulatory particle of the proteasome, specific for K63-Ub chains in cells, as a novel key regulator of Golgi-to-endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retrograde transport. Silencing or pharmacological inhibition of PSMD14 caused a robust and rapid inhibition of Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport which leads to a potent blockage of macroautophagy by a mechanism associated with the retention of Atg9A and Rab1A at the Golgi apparatus. Because pharmacological inhibition of the proteolytic core of the 20S proteasome did not recapitulate these effects, we concluded that PSMD14, and their K-63-Ub chains, act as a crucial regulator factor for macroautophagy by controlling Golgi-to-ER retrograde transport. Keywords: PSMD14, Ubiquitin, Retrograde, Trafficking, APP

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Ubiquitinated Proteins
Regulation of Macroautophagy
APP
PA700 Regulatory Module
Membrane Protein Traffic
Proteolysis
Autophagy
Rab1A GTP-Binding Protein
PSMD14 protein, human
Ubiquitination Regulation Protein

Related Feeds

Autophagy & Model Organisms

Autophagy is a cellular process that allows degradation by the lysosome of cytoplasmic components such as proteins or organelles. Here is the latest research on autophagy & model organisms

Alzheimer's Disease: APP

Amyloid precursor protein proteolysis is critical for the development of Alzheimer's disease, a neurodegenerative disease associated with accumulation of amyloid plaques. Here is the latest research.

Autophagy Networks

Autophagy is a lysosomal pathway that involves degradation of proteins and functions in normal growth and pathological conditions, through a series of complex networks. The catabolic process involves delivery of proteins and organelles to the lysosome. Here is the latest research on autophagy networks.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.