Mar 27, 2020

The Protective Effect of Vanadium on Cognitive Impairment and the Neuropathology of Alzheimer's Disease in APPSwe/PS1dE9 Mice

Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Zhijun HeQiong Liu

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a widely distributed neurodegenerative disease characterized clinically by cognitive deficits and pathologically by formation of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaque and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in the brain. Vanadium is a biological trace element that has a function to mimic insulin for diabetes. Bis(ethylmaltolato) oxidovanadium (IV) (BEOV) has been reported to have a hypoglycemic property, but its effect on AD remains unclear. In this study, BEOV was supplemented at doses of 0.2 and 1.0 mmol/L to the AD model mice APPSwe/PS1dE9 for 3 months. The results showed that BEOV substantially ameliorated glucose metabolic disorder as well as synaptic and behavioral deficits of the AD mice. Further investigation revealed that BEOV significantly reduced Aβ generation by increasing the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and insulin-degrading enzyme and by decreasing β-secretase 1 in the hippocampus and cortex of AD mice. BEOV also reduced tau hyperphosphorylation by inhibiting protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B and regulating the pathway of insulin receptor/insulin receptor substrate-1/protein kinase B/glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta. Furthermore, BEOV could enhance autophagolysosomal fusion a...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Insulin
Hippocampus (Brain)
Alzheimer's Disease
Amyloid beta-Peptides
Insulinase
BAG3
Insulin Receptor
Tau Protein Binding
Beta-Secretase
Brain

Related Feeds

Alzheimer's Disease: Tau & TDP-43

Alzheimer's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disease. This feed focuses on the underlying role of Tau proteins and TAR DNA-binding protein 43, as well as other genetic factors, in Alzheimer's.

Alzheimer's Disease: Abeta

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease associated with accumulation of amyloid plaques, which are comprised of amyloid beta. Here is the latest research in this field.

Autophagosome

An autophagosome is the formation of double-membrane vesicles that involve numerous proteins and cytoplasmic components. These double-membrane vesicles are then terminated at the lysosome where they are degraded. Discover the latest research on autophagosomes here.

Basal Forebrain- Circuits

Basal forebrain is a region in the brain important for production of acetylcholine and is the major cholinergic output of the CNS. Discover the latest research on circuits in the basal forebrain here.

Autophagosome

An autophagosome is the formation of double-membrane vesicles that involve numerous proteins and cytoplasmic components. These double-membrane vesicles are then terminated at the lysosome where they are degraded. Discover the latest research on autophagosomes here.

Alzheimer's Disease: Neuroimaging

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease. Here is the latest research on neuroimaging modalities, including magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography, in AD.

Related Papers

Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Katherine H ThompsonChris Orvig
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Nikita M PatelRavi K Birla
Yakugaku zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Kazuyuki TakataTakashi Taniguchi
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved