The proteolipid of the A(1)A(0) ATP synthase from Methanococcus jannaschii has six predicted transmembrane helices but only two proton-translocating carboxyl groups.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
C RuppertV Müller


The proteolipid, a hydrophobic ATPase subunit essential for ion translocation, was purified from membranes of Methanococcus jannaschii by chloroform/methanol extraction and gel chromatography and was studied using molecular and biochemical techniques. Its apparent molecular mass as determined in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis varied considerably with the conditions applied. The N-terminal sequence analysis made it possible to define the open reading frame and revealed that the gene is a triplication of the gene present in bacteria. In some of the proteolipids, the N-terminal methionine is excised. Consequently, two forms with molecular masses of 21,316 and 21,183 Da were determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The molecular and biochemical data gave clear evidence that the mature proteolipid from M. jannaschii is a triplication of the 8-kDa proteolipid present in bacterial F(1)F(0) ATPases and most archaeal A(1)A(0) ATPases. Moreover, the triplicated form lacks a proton-translocating carboxyl group in the first of three pairs of transmembrane helices. This finding puts in question the current view of the evolution of H(+) ATPases and has important mechanistic consequen...Continue Reading


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