Apr 1, 1995

The purification and properties of glutathione reductase from the cestode Moniezia expansa

The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
M J McCallum, J Barrett

Abstract

Glutathione reductase has a central role in glutathione metabolism and as such is a potential target for chemotherapy. The aim of the work was to purify and characterise glutathione reductase from the cestode Moniezia expansa and to compare the properties of the helminth enzyme with its mammalian counterpart. The enzyme was purified by a combination of anion exchange and affinity chromatography and further characterized by chromatofocusing and gel electrophoresis. Analysis revealed a single isoenzyme of glutathione reductase in Moniezia expansa, with a pI of 5.8. The enzyme was a homodimer of native molecular weight 114 kDa, subunit weight 63 kDa. Enzyme activity was affected by buffer concentration and the presence of monovalent sodium salts. The pH optimum was 7.4 with NADPH as cofactor and 5 with NADH. The Kma for oxidized glutathione was 76 microM and for NADPH and NADH, 21 and 350 microM respectively. In addition to oxidized glutathione only the mixed disulphide between CoA and glutathione (CoASSG) showed any significant activity as substrate. The cestode enzyme was inhibited by a variety of compounds including arsonic derivatives, 2,4,6 trinitrobenzene sulfonate 1,3-bis (2-chlorethyl)-1-nitrosourea and oxidized glutathion...Continue Reading

  • References14
  • Citations11

References

  • References14
  • Citations11

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Derivatives
Coenzyme A
Glutathione Disulfide
Helminths
NADH
Glutathione Measurement
Raillietina
Ampholytes
Enzyme Activity
Sodium salts

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