Dec 1, 1975

The quantification of kanamycin ototoxicity in the rat using conditioned tone discrimination

The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
E S Harpur, P F D'Arcy

Abstract

Twelve male Lister hooded rats were conditioned to discriminate an 8 kHz tone (56.5 +/- 0.5 dB re 0.0002 dyne cm-2) and were subsequently injected subcutaneously with kanamycin (400 mg kg-1 day-1) for 28 days; during this time and for five weeks after dosage was stopped, the nature and extent of the resultant hearing deficits were studied. The animals' Preyer reflex thresholds were determined at intervals during the study. Only one rat was unaffected by the kanamycin dosage. The onset of hearing impairment (reduced discrimination performance), which was gradual in some rats and sudden in others, generally occurred during the fourth week of kanamycin dosage although the earliest onset was towards the end of the second week. In most animals the hearing impairment progressed after kanamycin was stopped and in one rat there was a latency between the end of drug dosage and onset of hearing impairment. Hearing impairment was irreversible in five rats. One rat, whose impairment was slight, recovered normal hearing. Some rats showed a reduced discrimination performance at a time when their Preyer reflex threshold showed no elevation suggesting that kanamycin, at least initially, caused a threshold elevation rather than reduced sensitiv...Continue Reading

  • References2
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References

  • References2
  • Citations3

Mentioned in this Paper

Audiometry
Discrimination Learning
Discrimination (Process of Differentiation)
Auditory Threshold
Dyne veterinary drug
Kantrex
Reflex Action
Reflex Motion Descriptor
Kanamycin
Hearing Impairment

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