The question of adaptive sex ratio in outcrossed vertebrates

Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character
G C Williams

Abstract

Of various published theories of adaptive control of progeny sex ratio only two are plausible, a physiological theory by Trivers & Willard, and a demographic theory by Verner. The first applies to species in which sons and daughters impose different costs on parents, and in which only one or very few young are produced at once. They ought to show positive correlations in the sex of successive offspring and high sex-ratio variance among progenies. Verner's theory postulates a minimization of competition for mates in neighbourhoods subject to random fluctuation in sex ratio. Optimal progenies would exactly match the population's evolutionary equilibrium sex ratio. There would be little variance among progenies. Evidence from vertebrates is unfavourable to either theory and supports, instead, a non-adaptive model, the purely random (Mendelian) determination of sex. The apparent absence of parental control of progeny sex ratio is a serious theoretical difficulty.

Citations

Oct 15, 1985·Experientia·S C Stearns
Oct 15, 1985·Experientia·E G LeighE A Fischer
Dec 1, 1991·Human Nature : an Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective·L Cronk
Jun 26, 2009·Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology·Fumihito Shibata, Takeo Kawamichi
Nov 1, 1990·Physiology & Behavior·C Hedricks, M K McClintock
Mar 1, 1991·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·J J Boomsma
Jul 1, 1997·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·H Ellegren, B C Sheldon
Aug 1, 1997·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·S T Emlen
Apr 1, 1998·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·K Oddie
Jun 2, 2001·Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série III, Sciences de la vie·P Garcia-MeunierC Guinet
Feb 1, 1990·Psychological Medicine·A J Vingerhoets, G L Van Heck
Nov 25, 2000·Molecular Ecology·Y SakisakaE Kasuya
Oct 1, 1983·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·S Karlin, S Lessard
Oct 15, 1996·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·H EllegrenB C Sheldon
Jul 1, 1981·Issues in Health Care of Women·B M Millette
Jul 1, 2010·Behavioral Ecology : Official Journal of the International Society for Behavioral Ecology·Jun AbeS A West
Jul 16, 2004·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Aryeh D SteinL H Lumey
Jan 9, 1999·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·V LummaaA Kause
Sep 13, 2000·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·L AvilésT Bukowski
Feb 20, 2003·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Jan Komdeur
Mar 5, 2003·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Yoichi Yusa, Yoshito Suzuki
Jun 14, 2003·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·S KrackowA Elepfandt
Nov 14, 2003·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Petri SuorsaHarri Hakkarainen
Aug 13, 2004·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Esa KoskelaTapio Mappes
Jun 23, 2006·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Natalie S DuboisThomas Getty
Mar 8, 2007·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Aline KühlE J Milner-Gulland
Dec 29, 2000·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·C PackerL E Eberly
Apr 18, 2002·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Dennis Hasselquist, Bart Kempenaers
Apr 18, 2002·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Jan Komdeur, Ido Pen
Feb 1, 1989·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·D W Smith
May 1, 1995·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·S Krackow
Dec 14, 1990·Science·D O Conover, D A Van Voorhees
Jan 25, 2012·PloS One·Emma M BaxterSandra A Edwards
Apr 4, 2006·Genetics·M A ToroL Silió
Sep 29, 2000·Animal Behaviour·E Z Cameron, W L Linklater
Nov 30, 1999·Animal Behaviour·P FernáNdez-LlarioP Mateos-Quesada
Jan 20, 1999·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·R G NagerR Dawson
Mar 19, 2014·Behavioural Processes·Jéssica Tatiana Morales-PiñeyrúaRodolfo Ungerfeld
Sep 28, 2006·The American Naturalist·Lisa E SchwanzEric L Charnov
Dec 9, 2009·Ecology·J Dylan Maddox, Patrick J Weatherhead
Dec 22, 2015·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·E Keith BowersScott K Sakaluk
Mar 24, 2007·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Valerie J Grant
Apr 23, 2009·Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology·Carmen DíezEnrique Gómez
Jan 1, 2004·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Thomas W Pike, Marion Petrie
Sep 1, 2008·Integrative Zoology·Tobias UllerMats Olsson
Aug 23, 2006·The Journal of Animal Ecology·Arild HusbyThor Harald Ringsby
May 9, 2006·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Tobias Uller
Aug 25, 2010·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Robert M CoxRyan Calsbeek
Oct 1, 2014·The Journal of Animal Ecology·E Keith BowersScott K Sakaluk
Dec 17, 2009·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·E G Leigh
May 25, 2010·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·S R Proulx, F R Adler
Aug 18, 2009·The Journal of Animal Ecology·Rauno VeerojaJüri Tõnisson
Sep 22, 2015·Nature·Susanne SchindlerTim Coulson
Oct 1, 1987·Experimental Parasitology·J D Liberatos
Jan 1, 1984·Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity·S SarkarO W Jones
Jul 8, 1999·Current Biology : CB·B C Sheldon
May 14, 2016·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Carl VellerMartin A Nowak
Jul 2, 2004·Biology of Reproduction·Cheryl S Rosenfeld, R Michael Roberts
Jan 11, 2008·Biology of Reproduction·Valerie J GrantL W Chamley
Mar 7, 1987·Journal of Theoretical Biology·M J Reiss
Feb 1, 1987·Theoretical Population Biology·S A Frank
Jul 7, 2017·BioEssays : News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology·Mathieu Douhard
Jan 11, 2007·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·S Freedberg, D R Taylor
Jul 30, 2005·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·S A WestB C Sheldon
Dec 1, 2006·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Tobias Uller, Mats Olsson
Oct 23, 2002·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Maarten J Voordouw, Bradley R Anholt
Mar 19, 2011·Skinmed·Naili MaW Clark Lambert
Apr 5, 2002·Heredity·S A WestB C Sheldon
Oct 29, 2005·Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Comparative Experimental Biology·Valerie J Grant, R J Irwin
Apr 18, 2019·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Tomas RapaportPablo A Nepomnaschy
Sep 1, 2017·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Aurelio F MaloRobert C Lacy
May 10, 2020·Integrative and Comparative Biology·Kristen Hawkes
Nov 26, 2003·Journal of Evolutionary Biology·S C GriffithB C Sheldon
Oct 1, 1999·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Ken R Helms
Mar 1, 1982·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·J J BullM G Bulmer
Nov 20, 2016·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·Elissa Z CameronLaura M Parsley
Jun 1, 1985·Oecologia·Andrew CockburnChris R Dickman
Jul 1, 1990·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·J J Boomsma, A Grafen
May 1, 1982·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Michael P Lombardo
Sep 1, 1984·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Donald H Feener
May 1, 1984·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Trevor D Price, Peter R Grant
Nov 1, 1986·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Nancy Burley
Sep 1, 1981·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Kent L Fiala
Jan 1, 1988·Oecologia·M J CaleyR A Moses
Jan 1, 1986·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Peter Nonacs
Oct 1, 1992·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Michael F Antolin
Apr 1, 1998·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·S A West, E A Herre
Aug 16, 2017·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Wayne Leslie LinklaterPierre du Preez
Nov 1, 1988·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Bernard J Crespi
Sep 1, 1981·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·David Sloan Wilson, Robert K Colwell
Oct 1, 1992·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Michael F Antolin
Jan 1, 1986·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Judy A Sullivan, R Jack Schultz
Jul 1, 1990·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Denson Kelly McLain, Nancy Brannen Marsh
Jan 1, 1987·American Journal of Primatology·Carolyn M Crockett, Rasanayagam Rudran

Related Concepts

Biological Adaptation
Metazoa
Biological Evolution
Geese
Mustela macrodon
Neomalthusianism
Chinchilla Rabbits
Sex Ratio
Vertebrates
Mouse, Swiss

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.