Nov 1, 1975

The reaction of horse-liver alcohol dehydrogenase with glyoxal

European Journal of Biochemistry
M Canella, G Sodini

Abstract

Horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase was reacted with glyoxal at different pH values ranging from 6.0 to 9.0. At pH 9.0 the enzyme undergoes a rapid activation over the first minutes of reaction, followed by a decline of activity, which reaches 10% of that of the native enzyme. Chemical analysis of the inactivated enzyme after sodium borohydride reduction shows that 11 argi-ine and 11 lysine residues per mole are modified. At pH 7.7 the enzyme activity increases during the first hour of the reaction with glyoxal and then decreases slowly. Chemical analysis shows that 4 arginine and 3 lysine residues per mole are modified in the enzyme at the maximum of activation. At pH 7.0 the enzyme undergoes a 4-fold activation. Chemical analysis shows that in this activated enzyme 3 lysine and no arginine residues per mole have been modified. Steady-state kinetic analysis suggests that the activated enzyme is not subjected to substrate inhibition and that its Michaelis constant for ethanol is three times larger than that of the native enzyme. The possible role of arginine and lysine residues in the catalytic function of liver alcohol dehydrogenase is discussed.

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Ethanol
Alcohol Oxidoreductases
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
ARG1
Aldehydes
Protein Conformation
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
ADH1A
Glyoxal
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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