Sep 15, 2019

The Recovery of GABAergic Function in the Hippocampus CA1 Region After mTBI

Molecular Neurobiology
Taiza H FigueiredoAnn M Marini


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health concern in the USA. There are approximately 2.5 million brain injuries annually, 90% of which may be classified as mild since these individuals do not display clear morphological abnormalities following injury on imaging. The majority of individuals develop neurocognitive deficits such as learning and memory impairment and recovery occurs over 3 to 6 months after mild TBI (mTBI). The hippocampus is highly susceptible to injury from mTBI due to the anatomic localization and has been implicated in the neurocognitive impairments after mTBI. Here, we investigated whether the mTBI-induced morphological and pathophysiological alterations of GABAergic interneurons in the CA1 subfield of the hippocampus recovers after 30 days in the controlled cortical impact (CCI) model of TBI. Design-based stereology shows a significant reduction in the number of GABAergic interneurons 7 days after CCI. However, the number of GABAergic interneurons is not significantly reduced at 30 days after CCI. The total number of neurons is not altered over the course of 30 days. GABAergic inhibitory currents in the CA1 subfield also show that, although there is a significant reduction in the CCI group at 7 d...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Brain Injuries
Memory Impairment
Toe Brachial Index
Chemically Induced
Cerebral Cortex
CA1 Field
Gaba Effect

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