Evolution may be dominated by biotic factors, as in the Red Queen model, or abiotic factors, as in the Court Jester model, or a mixture of both. The two models appear to operate predominantly over different geographic and temporal scales: Competition, predation, and other biotic factors shape ecosystems locally and over short time spans, but extrinsic factors such as climate and oceanographic and tectonic events shape larger-scale patterns regionally and globally, and through thousands and millions of years. Paleobiological studies suggest that species diversity is driven largely by abiotic factors such as climate, landscape, or food supply, and comparative phylogenetic approaches offer new insights into clade dynamics.
A long-term association between global temperature and biodiversity, origination and extinction in the fossil record
Influence of continental history on the ecological specialization and macroevolutionary processes in the mammalian assemblage of South America: differences between small and large mammals
Repeated climate-linked host shifts have promoted diversification in a temperate clade of leaf-mining flies
Sharks that pass in the night: using Geographical Information Systems to investigate competition in the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway
Global climate changes drive ecological specialization of mammal faunas: trends in rodent assemblages from the Iberian Plio-Pleistocene
Rates of dinosaur body mass evolution indicate 170 million years of sustained ecological innovation on the avian stem lineage
Biomic specialization and speciation rates in ruminants (Cetartiodactyla, Mammalia): a test of the resource-use hypothesis at the global scale
The evolutionary ecology of biotic association in a megadiverse bivalve superfamily: sponsorship required for permanent residency in sediment
Clade age and diversification rate variation explain disparity in species richness among water scavenger beetle (Hydrophilidae) lineages
Morphologically Conservative but Physiologically Diverse: The Mode of Stasis in Anostraca (Crustacea: Branchiopoda)
Shotgun Mitogenomics Provides a Reference Phylogenetic Framework and Timescale for Living Xenarthrans
Random walk in genome space: a key ingredient of intermittent dynamics of community assembly on evolutionary time scales
Ecological limits and diversification rate: alternative paradigms to explain the variation in species richness among clades and regions
A promising future for integrative biodiversity research: an increased role of scale-dependency and functional biology
Ecological opportunity and the rate of morphological evolution in the diversification of Greater Antillean anoles
What causes latitudinal gradients in species diversity? Evolutionary processes and ecological constraints on swallowtail biodiversity
Pioneering paradigms and magnificent manifestos--Leigh Van Valen's priceless contributions to evolutionary biology
Do freshwater fishes diversify faster than marine fishes? A test using state-dependent diversification analyses and molecular phylogenetics of new world silversides (atherinopsidae)
An integrative view of phylogenetic comparative methods: connections to population genetics, community ecology, and paleobiology
Patterns of mammalian diversification in recent evolutionary times: global tendencies and methodological issues
Fossils and a large molecular phylogeny show that the evolution of species richness, generic diversity, and turnover rates are disconnected
Explaining bathymetric diversity patterns in marine benthic invertebrates and demersal fishes: physiological contributions to adaptation of life at depth
Insect responses to host plant provision beyond natural boundaries: latitudinal and altitudinal variation in a Chinese fig wasp community
Ecological interactions on macroevolutionary time scales: clams and brachiopods are more than ships that pass in the night
Out of the Sichuan Basin: Rapid species diversification of the freshwater crabs in Sinopotamon (Decapoda: Brachyura: Potamidae) endemic to China
Combining marine macroecology and palaeoecology in understanding biodiversity: microfossils as a model
Biodiversity in cities needs space: a meta-analysis of factors determining intra-urban biodiversity variation
Analysis of genetic diversity and population structure of Bellamya quadrata from lakes of middle and lower Yangtze River
All the better to see you with: eyes and claws reveal the evolution of divergent ecological roles in giant pterygotid eurypterids
Comparative phylogeography of two marine species of crustacean: Recent divergence and expansion due to environmental changes
Vertebrate evolution. Evolutionary innovation and ecology in marine tetrapods from the Triassic to the Anthropocene
A model for global diversity in response to temperature change over geological time scales, with reference to planktic organisms
Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships in long-term time series and palaeoecological records: deep sea as a test bed
Eighty-five million years of Pacific Ocean gyre ecosystem structure: long-term stability marked by punctuated change
Visions of the past and dreams of the future in the Orient: the Irano-Turanian region from classical botany to evolutionary studies
Commensal associations and benthic habitats shape macroevolution of the bivalve clade Galeommatoidea
Rates of ecological divergence and body size evolution are correlated with species diversification in scaly tree ferns
Multilocus approaches reveal underestimated species diversity and inter-specific gene flow in pikas (Ochotona) from southwestern China
Recent diversification of a marine genus (Tursiops spp.) tracks habitat preference and environmental change
Significant Local-Scale Plant-Insect Species Richness Relationship Independent of Abiotic Effects in the Temperate Cape Floristic Region Biodiversity Hotspot
Biotic and abiotic factors predicting the global distribution and population density of an invasive large mammal
Strong population structure in a species manipulated by humans since the Neolithic: the European fallow deer (Dama dama dama)
Controlling for the species-area effect supports constrained long-term Mesozoic terrestrial vertebrate diversification
Detecting Environment-Dependent Diversification From Phylogenies: A Simulation Study and Some Empirical Illustrations
The influence of ecological and geographic limits on the evolution of species distributions and diversity
A high-throughput neurohistological pipeline for brain-wide mesoscale connectivity mapping of the common marmoset
Exploring the power of Bayesian birth-death skyline models to detect mass extinction events from phylogenies with only extant taxa
A symbiotic balancing act: arbuscular mycorrhizal specificity and specialist fungus gnat pollination in the mycoheterotrophic genus Thismia (Thismiaceae)
Microclimatic differentiation of gene pools in the Lobaria pulmonaria symbiosis in a primeval forest landscape
Alteration of (Frequency-Dependent) Fitness in Time-Shift Experiments Reveals Cryptic Coevolution and Uncoordinated Stasis in a Virtual Jurassic Park
Environmentally driven extinction and opportunistic origination explain fern diversification patterns
Clade diversification dynamics and the biotic and abiotic controls of speciation and extinction rates
Multi-scale interplays of biotic and abiotic drivers shape mammalian sub-continental diversity over millions of years
Testing the Role of the Red Queen and Court Jester as Drivers of the Macroevolution of Apollo Butterflies
Assessing canalisation of intraspecific variation on a macroevolutionary scale: the case of crinoid arms through the Phanerozoic
Phylogeography of Bellamya (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Viviparidae) snails on different continents: contrasting patterns of diversification in China and East Africa
Approaches to Macroevolution: 2. Sorting of Variation, Some Overarching Issues, and General Conclusions
Spatial scale-dependent phylogenetic signal in species distributions along geographic and elevation gradients in a mountainous rangeland
Assessing the causes of diversification slowdowns: temperature-dependent and diversity-dependent models receive equivalent support
What lies beneath? Population dynamics conceal pace-of-life and sex ratio variation, with implications for resilience to environmental change
Long-term sky islands generate highly divergent lineages of a narrowly distributed stream salamander (Pachyhynobius shangchengensis) in mid-latitude mountains of East Asia
Geo-Climatic Changes and Apomixis as Major Drivers of Diversification in the Mediterranean Sea Lavenders (Limonium Mill.).
Climatic effects on niche evolution in a passerine bird clade depend on paleoclimate reconstruction method.
Hidden species diversity in Pachyhynobius: A multiple approaches species delimitation with mitogenomes
Mitochondrial volume density and evidence for its role in adaptive divergence in response to thermal tolerance in threespine stickleback.
Genetic Evolution and Implications of the Mitochondrial Genomes of Two Newly Identified Taenia spp. in Rodents From Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.
Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.
Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A
Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.
Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.
Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.
Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells
Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.
This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.
Pharmacology of Proteinopathies
This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.
Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools
Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.