Mar 1, 1976

The reduction of coma time in lipophilic drug overdose using castor oil

Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal
M J DIAMINDM Keeri-Szanto

Abstract

A clinical trial of castor oil in overdoses of lipophilic drugs gave a strong clinical impression that it was effective in speeding up recovery. Therefore, animal experiments were undertaken to confirm that castor oil acts as a ligand in Ethchlorvynol poisoning and that its use reduces coma time. Serial serum levels of Ethchlorvynol were obtained from dogs given Ethchlorvynol 150 mg/kg alone, and the same dose dissolved in castor oil 15 ml/kg in a crossover fashion. The result was a reduction of peak serum levels and of the half-life of the drug when the castor oil solution was used. In order to mimic the clinical situation more closely, a further crossover study was undertaken using Ethchlorvynol 300 mg/kg alone and the same dose followed by castor oil 15 ml/kg repeated q12h. This showed no delay in reaching peak serum concentration and no reduction of peak levels. However, it did show a 31 per cent reduction in the half-life of the drug. This change is statistically significant, and supports the continued use of castor oil in lipophilic drug overdose.

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Placidyl
Castor Oil
Piperidones
COMA
Intubation, Nasogastric
Psychogenic Coma
Metazoa
Canis familiaris

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