PMID: 7083323Jan 1, 1982Paper

The relationship between left ventricular functional response to isometric exercise and asynergic contraction and diastolic stiffness

Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis
P A LudbrookA J Tiefenbrunn


Either augmentation or impairment of left ventricular function has previously been reported in different patients, in response to isometric exercise. To identify the mechanisms associated with these disparate responses, the effects of submaximal sustained handgrip upon left ventricular systolic and diastolic properties were studied in 29 patients during diagnostic catheterization. In 16 patients (group I), ejection fraction, mean Vcf, and the mean systolic ejection rate remained constant, while the ratio of peak systolic pressure to end systolic volume increased significantly from 2.81 +/- 0.6 to 3.17 +/- 0.6 ml/mm Hg. In 13 patients (group II) ejection fraction declined from 0.6 +/- 0.03 to 0.51 +/- 0.03, Vcf from 0.96 +/- 0.09 to 0.85 +/- 0.09 circ/sec, mean normalized systolic ejection rate from 1.79 +/- 0.1 to 1.50 +/- 0.09 sec-1, and the peak systolic pressure to end systolic volume ratio from 2.23 +/- 0.3 to 1.99 +/- 0.3 (p less than 0.05 for each). Systemic arterial mean pressure increased similarly by 19% and 21% in groups I and II, respectively (p less than 0.05 for each). Systemic vascular resistance increased significantly by 23% in group I and by 5% in group II (p less than 0.05). Left ventricular end diastolic volu...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Diastolic Blood Pressure
Coronary Heart Disease
Cardiac Catheterization Procedures
Left Ventricular Structure
Isometric Contraction
Myocardial Contraction
Stroke Volume

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