The relationship between natural rain intensity and Ascochyta blight in chickpea development.

OSF Preprints
Ihsanul KhaliqAdam H. Sparks

Abstract

Abstract Ascochyta blight is one of the most devastating diseases of chickpea worldwide. In Australia, Ascochyta blight management strategy in a standing crop is solely based on applying protective fungicides before a forecast rainfall event. Despite this, studies on the likely interaction between variable natural rain amount, rain duration, environmental factors and Ascochyta blight development are rare. We used generalised linear mixed models to investigate the relationship between rain intensity, wind speed and Ascochyta blight development. Briefly, 7 g of infested chickpea residue were placed at the soil surface in a 1 m2 plot, and three pots (3 trap plants per pot) of a susceptible chickpea cultivar were randomly placed on each side of the 1 m2 plot (total 12 pots), preceding a forecast rainfall event. Trap plants were transferred to a controlled temperature room (20°C) for 48 h (100% humidity) after rain events. After a 48 h incubation period, trap plants were transferred to a glasshouse (20°C) to allow lesion development. The number of lesions on all plant parts were counted after two weeks. Lesions developed in rain amounts as low as 1.4 mm and rain durations as short as 0.7 h. The number of lesions significantly increa...Continue Reading

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