The relative sensitivity of the Clinical Global Impressions Scale and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale in antipsychotic drug trials

Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Stefan Leucht, R R Engel


Although the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) are both frequently used in drug trials for schizophrenia, their relative sensitivity in detecting differences between antipsychotics has not yet been examined. We therefore reanalyzed original patient data from all four pivotal, randomized controlled studies (n = 1205) that compared amisulpride with haloperidol in patients with schizophrenia. The sensitivity of the BPRS vs the CGI-improvement and the CGI-severity scales in detecting between-drug differences was estimated by calculating effect sizes and their 95% confidence intervals for both continuous (standardized mean differences) and dichotomous outcomes (odds ratios). The primary end points were the last observation carried forward results at study end points pooling all studies, but the results of the observed cases at different study weeks and the results of the single studies were also examined. The effect sizes derived from the BPRS and from the CGI were similar. When the single studies were pooled, all outcomes analyzed showed a statistically significant superiority of amisulpride compared to haloperidol as early as 2 weeks after initiation of treatment. The CGI may be as sens...Continue Reading


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